How to Restore and Clean Barbie Dolls
Fashion Doll Restoration
Did you find some vintage Barbie dolls at a yard sale, or rediscover childhood treasures in your loft? Perhaps your daughter's Barbies are in need of a makeover? You can give a Barbie doll a little attention and bring her back to being the object of adoration that she was meant to be. However, if you have even the slightest suspicion that your Barbie is rare or valuable, then leave the job to an expert. There are many doll restorers who can do the job professionally, so if you are unsure, seek advice. I'll list some resources at the end of the article.
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Supplies for Barbie's Makeover
- Bowl and lukewarm water – or use your sink
- Mild soap
- Mild fabric detergent for clothes
- Soft, clean towel
- Clean, soft cotton cloths
- Cotton wool, cotton buds, and toothpicks for getting into Barbie's crevices
- Rubbing alcohol
- Shampoo and conditioner
- Small, doll-size, wide-toothed comb – other ranges such as Bratz have these
- Torn pieces of cloth about two inches wide and eight inches long – you only need these if Barbie's legs are bowed, bent or crooked.
- Liquitex acrylic paints
- Small paint brush for touching up facial features
Before you start make sure to wash your hands thoroughly to get rid of any oil residues. We all have natural oils in our skin and these can damage vintage fibres, hastening their end. Dry your hands carefully.
Give Barbie the once-over. Look at her carefully to see what needs attention. Very carefully, remove her clothes and, if they look like they can withstand it, give them a very, very gentle wash in lukewarm water with a little Castile soap dissolved in it. Alternatively, you may have a gentle detergent especially for delicate fabrics. Rinse thoroughly by immersing in a bowl of clean lukewarm water. Do not hold the clothes under running water. Lay them on a soft clean towel and pat to remove excess water. Allow to air dry, flat. If Barbie's clothes are in poor condition, don't wash them at all. Wrap them in acid-free tissue and store them in a cardboard box away from a heat source. If ever, you decide to sell her, then you have the original clothes to go with her. Meantime, Barbie will need a new wardrobe.
Don't Put Barbie in the Bath!
Time to clean up Barbie herself. Again, using mild soapy water, take a soft cotton rag, dip a corner into the water and gently wipe Barbie all over to get rid of the first layer of dirt. Do not immerse her in water or it will get into her body and she will go moldy inside (this happened to my daughter's Bratz dolls when she took them in the bath - they were so smelly they had to be trashed). Dry her carefully with a soft cloth. This may be all she needs, but if she is still a mucky-pup, then it's time to go in with the hard stuff.
Use a little rubbing alcohol to remove the rest of the dirt. This should also take care of any pen marks (why do dolls collect pen marks?). Use the cotton buds and toothpicks for hard-to-reach spots, such as limb joints. Watch out for her face – rubbing alcohol may remove some of her make-up and/or facial features.
'Green ear' is a discoloration of the doll's ear due to a chemical reaction with the metal in her earrings and the material that Barbie is made from. If your Barbie is an older one then you can get some great instructions at How to Clean Stuff.
Wash Barbie's hair with a little shampoo, repeat as necessary. Apply the conditioner and gently comb her hair to remove tangles. Rinse well under gently running, lukewarm water. Air dry, and style as you wish.
Restoring Barbie to Perfection
Hold Barbie vertically in front of you. Turn her in all directions and scrutinize her legs for straightness. If she is a bit 'crook', then here's an easy way to straighten those pins. Use your lengths of soft cloth to tie her legs together tightly at thighs, knees and ankles. Hold her legs in very hot water for a few minutes and they should straighten out. Repeat a couple of times, if necessary. Remember, don't immerse her above her hip/leg joints or she'll take on water.
Should Barbie have missing limbs, then cannibalize other unwanted dolls for spare parts.
Get out your Liquitex Acrylics and teeny-tiny brush and very, very carefully repaint any damaged or missing facial features. If you get it wrong, quickly wipe away with a cloth and warm water. If repainting her face is too difficult then let her go make-up free.
Now you can dress her – in her original clothes if they are in good condition. Otherwise, why not buy her a new outfit – she deserves it!
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Questions & Answers
Trying to fix a broken hip/leg joint on a vintage talking Barbie. I got the broken piece out of her hip. What kind of glue can I use to reattach the broken piece?
If the joint is metal, you may need to solder it with a crafter's soldering kit. I've never tried this so can't help you further, however, I found this site which details how to repair a broken shoulder joint.Helpful 2
What removes ink on Barbies face?
Try a cotton bud dipped in rubbing alcohol to remove pen marks. If that doesn't work, try to determine what kind of ink it is and do a search on how to remove that specific ink. Start with the gentlest removal procedures first.Helpful 9
I have 5 Barbie dolls, and their head skin tones don't match the body skin tone at all. Can it be fixed?
Any chance you might be able to swap the heads around to make slightly better matches? As the doll color is based on the tone of the material its made of, there's not a lot you can do. You might try experimenting with a little well-diluted bleach in a discreet area to see if it makes a difference.Helpful 9
What removes ink from a Barbie's body?
As it states in the article, most types of ink can be removed with a little rubbing alcohol.Helpful 8
How can I remove bubbles that look like zits on Barbie's face?
It sounds like your Barbie's face is de-laminating. You can try piercing the bubbles and pressing gently, but I suspect she might be beyond repair.Helpful 8
© 2012 Bev G