Collecting Antique and Vintage Plates and Dishware

Updated on August 1, 2017
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Why do people collect plates? Let's face it, most of us do in one way or another. We use plates every day, for simple family meals, or for special occasions, and holidays. But some of us have a few more plates than necessary or practical.

The true allure of collecting dishware is that some people just love it. We love the design, the color, or the pattern. Old plates have a secret history, a silent backstory of conversations over tea; plates hauled across oceans, or bought when a family moved up the socioeconomic ladder and were suddenly able to afford pretty instead of merely useful.

We've picked up dishware at flea markets or yard sales, eyes caught by the simple beauty of an every day article made remarkable by color or shape.

Sure, some folks purchased collector plates from, say, the Franklin Mint or other sources that once presented plates as an investment. Sadly, for those folks, the "investment" did not hold its value. Few of these types of plates hold any value at all unless you own the complete set.

The History of Porcelain

While pottery is a very old craft, fine porcelain was first produced in China sometime between 960 - 1127 CE (AD). The discovery of kaolin clay made it possible to fire dishware at high temperatures (2200 - 2600 degrees Fahrenheit) creating a brilliant white product.

When Marco Polo returned from the Far East in 1295, he brought ceramic dishes he called "porcella," comparing them to delicate sea shells. The word "porcelain" is derived from "porcella." Eventually, dishes were called "china" based on the country of origin.

Europeans embraced the beautiful dishes with cobalt blue decorations against a bright, white background. Only royalty and the very wealthy could afford fine china. The pagodas, dragons, storks, peonies, lotus flowers, and chrysanthemums of old Chinese porcelain designs remain popular to this day.

Tin-glazed earthenware created in Italy during the Renaissance also became popular. Dark earthenware pottery covered with a tin glaze created a dazzling white surface. (Delftware and Majolica were originally tin-glazed earthenware)

By the 17th century, Chinese porcelain poured into Europe and people began collecting colorful patterns and blue on white dishware with a sort of mania. But Europeans had not been able to reproduce the formula to create their own porcelain.

18th-Century European Porcelain

Meissen Imari style, circa 1730
Meissen Imari style, circa 1730 | Source

18th Century European Porcelain

Meissen

It wasn't until the early 18th century that Europe was able to make true porcelain. In 1709, the process for the creation of hard paste pocelain was discovered in Germany. Augustus the Strong founded Meissen in 1710, creating luxury china with sophisticated patterns. Old Meissen is highly collectible today, very expensive, and often identified as museum pieces.

Sevres

King Louis XV of France took a great interest in the production of porcelain. In 1738, he founded a factory at Chateau de Vincennes, then moved production to Sevres in 1758, He presented his soft-paste porcelain at annual sales that he held in his private dining room. Nobles curried the favor of the king by buying up his china.

Limoges

When kaolinite, the mineral in clay that is a major component of porcelain, was discovered in Limoges, France, the area became synonymous with elegant French tableware.

Wedgewood

Wedgewood was founded in the 18th century by Josiah Wedgewood. A genius at marketing, Wedgewood offered his product in catalogs. He set up a London showroom, solicited endorsements from high-society customers, and commissioned designs from prominent artists.

Spode

After an apprenticeship, Josiah Spode opened a factory in Stoke-on-Trent in 1770. He refined the process for the production of transfer printing of engraved designs and improved the formula for fine bone china. In 1833, the Spode heirs sold the business to William Taylor Copeland and Thomas Garrett, who renamed the company Copeland and Garrett. But the name Spode lives on.

How to Identify and Value Dishware

Backstamp
Backstamp | Source

Perfectly lovely vintage style dishes can be found quite cheaply at flea markets, thrift stores, and yard sales. Old designs are often reproduced, and manufacturers like Johnsonville and Spode offer new versions of old favorites.

Identifying old plates demands a lot of research and education. You cannot always rely on online sellers. An antique dish ought to be at least 100 years old, but items on, say, eBay are often listed as "antique" or "rare" without being so. A true antique or other valuable item will be offered with a detailed product description including manufacturer, date, pattern, country of origin and condition. A real expert will tell you why the item is rare or valuable.

Very old or unique pieces can be very expensive. British Antique Roadshow once featured a large platter that was valued at 100,000 pounds. Face it, plates break. If a high end or special commission piece has lasted 200 years, it's going to be valuable for that reason alone. The chances of finding such a treasure at a yard sale are extremely low.

If a current producer suggests that a "collectible" plate will increase in value, do not believe it. No one can predict the future.

The easiest way to learn the value of any antique is to take it to an appraiser. If you take it to a dealer, remember that they will offer you less than an item's appraised value, because a dealer must consider overhead, marketability, and profit.

If you want to research the item yourself, you can attempt to describe the pattern and backstamp on Google Images, or find information online at sites like Replacements LTD or Kovels.

  • Backstamps appear on the bottom of a plate. In general, they were pressed into the surface of pieces made before 1899, so printed stamps mean the dish was made after 1900.
  • A date may indicate when a pattern was introduced, not when the specific item was manufactured.
  • The word "trademark" on an English dish indicates it was made from 1855 on. "LTD" was added to English company names beginning in 1886.
  • If there is no country of origin stated, the plate was probably made before 1891, when the McKinley Tariff Act mandated such information on commercially imported dishware. But this rule of thumb would not apply if your great-grandmother brought a plate to the US from the old country, wrapped up in a quilt.

Plate Varieties

From the 16th to the 18th century, the custom of dining grew more and more elaborate. While 16th century diners shared plates, the French court introduced the concept of separate plates. By the mid 19th century, dining à la russe came into vogue: the Russian style where individual plated foods were delivered to each guest.

A wide variety of plates emerged to fit the consumption-oriented Victorians including special plates for lunch, tea, fish, bread, salads, cheeses, and desserts. You can generally identify the type of plate by size. Fish plates usually feature a picture of a fish. Oyster plates have a circle of indentations to hold oysters.

A charger, or service plate, is a decorative placeholder and is 11 - 14 inches in diameter.

Dinner plate: 10 - 11"

Luncheon plate: 9 - 9 1/2"

Salad plate: 8 - 8 1/2"

Bread plate: 6 - 7"

Fish plate: 8 - 9"

Dessert plate: 7 1/4 - 8 1/2"

Cheese plate: 7 1/4"

Tea plates: 7 - 7 1/2"

Transferware: China for the Middle Class

Spode Archive Collection.  This reissue of a traditional transferware pattern features a British castle in a lovely shade of cranberry.
Spode Archive Collection. This reissue of a traditional transferware pattern features a British castle in a lovely shade of cranberry. | Source

Transferware was introduced in the mid 1700s and increased in popularity during the Victoria era. Ink transferred from a copper plate onto damp tissue paper was applied to fired china. The piece was fired again at a relatively low temperature to fix the design, then fired a third time at a higher temperature. The inexpensive mass-produced china became popular with the growing middle class.

Designs were often copies of etchings, and included romantic scenes from the English countryside, quaint town scenes, or views of Italy, India, or China.

Other design motifs included portraits of historical figures, exotic animals, flowers, and scenes from stories or literature. After the War of 1812, English dishware makers began to produce items for the US market that included scenes from well-known American places, natural landmarks, significant buildings, and rail roads.

As scenic designs grew in popularity, many souvenirs were offered to tourists. In the days before everyone had a camera, people would purchase images from their travels on plates. World's Fair plates have been highly collectible ever since London's Great Exhibition in 1856. Souvenir plates can be pretty transferware, or cheaply produced so-ugly-they're-cute.

Depression Glass

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Popular Modern Dishware

Fiesta was introduced by Homer Laughlin China Company in 1936 in red, blue, light green, canary yellow, and ivory. Other colors were added in subsequent years, including turquoise, rose, gray, antique gold, and several other shades of green. The line was discontinued in 1973. The plain, brightly colored dishware became hugely collectible and was reintroduced in 1986.

Depression Glass was a type of glass dishware that gained popularity in the 1920s. New manufacturing techniques and materials allowed the production of clear glass plates, bowls, etc. Popular colors included pink green, and gold.

Corelle was introduced in 1970. The light, thin plates, bowls, and cups stored well and stood up to heavy use. Bu laminating three layers of tempered glass, Corning was able to offer a family-friendly product.

Noritake was opened in 1904 by the Morimura Brothers producing products to appeal to Americans in both high-end and budget markets. After World War II , they marketed under the name "Rose China" to avoid negative feelings toward Japan in the postwar years. By 1953, the name Noritake was back, with a new backstamp (the letter "N" inside a wreath), and is today one of the largest producers of dinnerware in the world.

Flow Blue

The blurred, indistinct edges of the pattern illustrate the pretty effect of flow blue
The blurred, indistinct edges of the pattern illustrate the pretty effect of flow blue | Source

Flow Blue is a highly collectible china that was first produced by accident. When the cobalt color ran during firing, it created a smudged appearance. At first deemed a failure, the china was shipped to the United States where it caught on in a big way. The production of Flow Blue ceased during World War I due to shortages of the materials needed.

Blue Willow

Source

Blue Willow has been a popular transferware design since the late 1700s, being reproduced with variations ever since. Blue Willow is the quintessential story plate, illustrating the tragic tale of two lovers. Elements of the design include a slanted tree, a pagoda, a boat, and two doves at the top. The same design produced in other colors (cranberry or brown) is commonly known as Willow Ware.

Satisfaction When You Can't Afford the Best

Royal Copenhagen Blue Fluted dishware
Royal Copenhagen Blue Fluted dishware | Source

Falling in love with an expensive brand of dishware may make you swoon in secret, but you can duplicate the style for less. Royal Copenhagen's Blue Fluted dishware has been produced since 1775. Its clean, classic look has been copied ever since. Above you can see the real thing on display. Below, you can see Lipper and Man's Blue Fjord, which can be found at one third the price of the original.

Blue Fjord
Blue Fjord | Source

Care and Storage of Vintage Dishware

  • If your favorite plates are recent reproductions of favorite vintage dishware, you can clean them in the dishwasher, but if your dishware is old it's best to avoid using the dishwasher.
  • Clean old dishware in warm water using a mild detergent and a soft cloth. Line the sink with a dishtowel to avoid breakage. Rinse with warm water. Sudden changes in water temperature can lead to crazing (a lot of tiny cracks).
  • Dry with a soft cloth.
  • Store older dishware that is not on display in padded containers. Place cushioning material between plates.

Do not use very old dishes, or dishware that is crazed, chipped, or cracked. Lead may have been used in the production and the damaged surface can allow lead to leach out onto foods.

Questions & Answers

  • What are Fostoria dishes?

    Fostoria glassware was produced in the US, first at Fostoria Ohio in the late 1800s. The company moved to Virginia and produced glassware there from 1915 until the late 1980s. In the 1920s Fostoria offered colored glass including green, amber and blue, and began to advertise in popular women's magazines.

    For more information, look for "Fostoria: Serving the American Table 1887-1986" by Leslie Pina or "Fostoria: An Identification and Value Guide of Pressed, Blown & Hand Molded Shapes" by Ann Kerr. These are older books that you can find for a low price. Of course, current values will not be available in an older book.

    Wash your Fostoria glassware by hand. Older dishware and glassware should not be cleaned in a dishwasher.

  • I have various blue willow pieces to include serving dishes with lids. They are stamped on the back with blue willow, allertons, made in england . Any idea of their worth?

    Blue Willow is a pattern that has been in constant production for a long time. The image tells the tale of Chinese sweethearts and has been adapted in various forms by many companies.

    Charles Allerton and Sons produced transferware in England from 1859 - 1942. Before you try to learn the value of your pieces, you should find out when it was produced. Age and condition mean a lot. I have seen Blue Willow by Allerton for sale for a wide variety of prices. Older, rarer pieces will be more valuable.

    A maker's mark indicated who produced the dishware. Most manufacturers slightly changed their marks over time. You can find a chart of Allerton marks and the changes they made at an online site called The Potteries.org. There you can get a general idea of the age of your pieces. Then you can easier learn the value.

    Once you know the age of your blue Willow, you can scan online auction sites for value. Ignore the highest option. You can also check out price guides on Kovels, Replacements, or Worthpoint.

Comments

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    • Dolores Monet profile imageAUTHOR

      Dolores Monet 

      6 weeks ago from East Coast, United States

      Hi Nancy - Fitz and Floyd produced Renaissance dinnerware between 1988 - 1997, then Renaissance holiday ware between 2003 - 2006. Do not place these plates in a microwave or dishwasher due to the gold edges.

      I have seen similar products for sale from between $10.00 to $130.00. I can not tell you where or how to sell or price your plates. This is up to you and current demand. Read the article for suggestions.

    • profile image

      Nancy walsh 

      6 weeks ago

      I have Fritz and floyd renaissance 8 plates never used in dark green with the numbers on the back,the company's is 47.95 each plate and need to know how to sell them and how much

    • Dolores Monet profile imageAUTHOR

      Dolores Monet 

      2 months ago from East Coast, United States

      Hi Marty - I am wondering if "Renaissance" refers to the pattern, not the company. The company called Renaissance is contemporary. Patterns called Renaissance have been produced by many manufacturers including Wedgewood, Victoria and Beale, Baum Brothers, Winterling, Ridgeway, Doir, And Fitz and Floyd.

      You should not put your plate or cup in the microwave and should probably hand wash rather than using the dishwasher.

      For information on a specific piece, you might try Kovels or Replacements online.

    • profile image

      Marty 

      2 months ago

      I have a set of Gold & Blue China Snake Plate & Cup by Renaissance, Pattern # RNI1GOB, I am looking for information of any history of the pattern you might have, of where I can find it.

      Thank You Very much

      Marty

    • Dolores Monet profile imageAUTHOR

      Dolores Monet 

      3 months ago from East Coast, United States

      Hi Kat - check out gray Delamere, Fleur de Lys, Colonel Gray, Primrose, or Gray Delhi. You can also use a book - "Spode and Copeland Over Two Hundred Years of Fine China and Porcelain" by Steven Smith. There is a lot of information out there on Spode Copeland. They made so many beautiful patterns!

    • profile image

      Kat 

      3 months ago

      I just purchased a large set of Copeland Spode earthenware. It’s a gray and white floral transfer print of delicate flowers and leaves. It’s quite lovely and I would like to know the name of the pattern and the value. I have not been able to find this pattern online anywhere. Any ideas?

    • Dolores Monet profile imageAUTHOR

      Dolores Monet 

      4 months ago from East Coast, United States

      Hi Kenneth - why don't you contact the Promotional Glass Collectors Association.

    • profile image

      Kenneth Stahl 

      4 months ago

      I have a single glass commemorating the 50th Anniversary of the Ohio China Company. It appears that this company is no longer in business. It is clear glass with gold writing. I would like to get it to someone who would appreciate it. Any Ideas?

    • Dolores Monet profile imageAUTHOR

      Dolores Monet 

      8 months ago from East Coast, United States

      Hi Nancy - can't say that I've ever heard of such a group, but collectors must be out there. You may check out a magazine (there are several nice antique collectors mags out there), or look for the producer on the bottom of the dishware. Many old dishware manufacturers are still in business and have web sites where you could find some info. Sounds like a nice collection!

    • profile image

      Nancy 

      8 months ago

      I have a very large collection of antique baby dishes that I would love to give to a collector that would appreciate them.

      How do I go about finding antique baby dish collectors?

    • Dolores Monet profile imageAUTHOR

      Dolores Monet 

      9 months ago from East Coast, United States

      Hi Donna - it isn't easy to ID old dishware and does take a bit of research. But that research can be a lot of fun and so educational. Find books on the topic, there are quite a few. May I recommend "Miller's Field Guide: Porcelain" by Judith Miller for a start. You can find used books online or look in your local library. Most collectors keep price guides and other resources on hand.

    • profile image

      Donna Chic 

      9 months ago

      hi i have some dishes that just have numbers on the bottom how do i know where to learn about them , i even have a raised dainty cake platter thanks in advance for your help

    • Dolores Monet profile imageAUTHOR

      Dolores Monet 

      12 months ago from East Coast, United States

      Hi Wendy - you can learn more about your Hummel figures here http://www.antique-hq.com/find-out-the-value-of-yo... Find out about your old tea set by looking at the back stamp. There you will find an image, or writing. Google that information to start your search. Then look up the manufacturer. You should find a website about the brand. You can also look on Kovels or Replacements.

    • profile image

      Wendy Speaks 

      12 months ago

      I have some old German Hummel things plus old tea set and cups and saucers to match I'm trying to find a value on them.where can I find out the value of them.

    • Dolores Monet profile imageAUTHOR

      Dolores Monet 

      23 months ago from East Coast, United States

      Wanda Ames - why don't you just look up antique appraisers in your phone book or online? Don't tell them you want to sell the set but want it appraised for insurance purposes. An appraiser can tell you the value as well as give you more information on the set.

    • profile image

      Wanda Ames 

      2 years ago

      I have an antique tea set that my grandfather bought in the Philippines circa 1904, but under each item is an identifying Chinese writing mark. This tea set consists of a pitcher, sugar bowl, creamer, and 6 tea cups and 6 saucers. It is not blue. As a little girl, the set scared me -- lots of heads of men with evil eyes and dragons and fish are embellished or sculptured on the set -- the set may be clay and heated into position. It is mesmerizing, and has glints of gold in the pottery. I never saw anything like it -- it looks like it belongs in a museum.

      I would like to sell it but I don't know how to go about it. I can travel to Sacramento or San Francisco or Oakland if you can tell me how to get someone to appraise it.

      Thank you, Wanda Ames

    • Dolores Monet profile imageAUTHOR

      Dolores Monet 

      2 years ago from East Coast, United States

      RTalloni - I find it so interesting that a plate pattern can remain so popular for so long. Blue Willow was designed in 1790 and is much loved to this day. And blue and white dishes, in general have been popular from day one. I love my blue and white! Thanks!

    • RTalloni profile image

      RTalloni 

      2 years ago from the short journey

      The appeal of beautiful old dishes really can't be explained. The craftsmanship is obvious, but knowing that each has an individual history even if we don't know that history can grip us in a curious way. Though I love all color, I suppose cobalt blue is always going to be my favorite if I have to choose. Having some now ancient imitation plates from my grandmother that are like Blue Willow is a special thing. Thanks for an interesting and useful look at collecting dish ware!

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