1937 Two-Cent Army Stamp: Andrew Jackson, Winfield Scott, and the Hermitage
Army and Navy Commemorative Stamp Series 1936–1937
From December 1936 to May 1937, the U.S. Post Office issued a series of ten commemorative postage stamps honoring the Army and Navy.
The Army stamps feature Generals from the Revolutionary War, the War of 1812, the Mexican-American War, and both the Union and Confederate armies in the Civil War, as well as the United States Military Academy where many of them were trained. The Navy stamps recognize a similar group of naval heroes.
These commemorative stamps provide an interesting way to start learning about the military history of the United States.
Two-Cent Army Stamp
The carmine (deep red) 2¢ Army stamp features portraits of Generals Andrew Jackson and Winfield Scott, who both commanded forces in the War of 1812, and a view of The Hermitage, Jackson’s home in Tennessee.
This is the second stamp in the five-stamp Army series, which also includes
- a 1¢ stamp featuring George Washington, Nathanael Greene, and Mount Vernon
- a 3¢ stamp honoring William Tecumseh Sherman, Ulysses S. Grant, and Philip Sheridan
- a 4¢ stamp featuring Robert E. Lee, Thomas "Stonewall" Jackson, and Stratford Hall
- a 5¢ stamp featuring the United States Military Academy
The corresponding two-cent carmine Navy stamp, featuring Commodore Stephen Decatur and Captain Thomas MacDonough, was issued on the same date as the two-cent Army stamp.
Facts About This Stamp
- Date and Place Issued: January 15, 1937, in Washington, D.C.
- Quantity Issued: 93,848,500
- Designer: William K. Schrage
- Engravers: J. Eissler & H. R. Rollins (vignette), Edward M. Hall (lettering)
- Scott Catalog No. 786
Major General Andrew Jackson (1767–1845)
Andrew Jackson's military career began as a teenager in the Revolutionary War, in which he saw battlefield action, was captured by the British, and almost died of smallpox.
In 1812 when the United States declared war on Britain, Jackson volunteered and was commissioned as Major General of U.S. Volunteers. Enduring hardships with his troops, he was nicknamed “Old Hickory” for his toughness. In 1813–1814, Jackson led troops against the Creeks and defeated them. Despite his lack of military training, he was given a commission as a Major General in the U.S. Army. In January 1815, Jackson, with an army of regular U.S. troops, militiamen, and other volunteers, resoundingly defeated the British in the Battle of New Orleans. Although the battle occurred—unbeknownst to both sides—after the peace treaty was signed to end the War of 1812, Jackson became a national hero.
Jackson was nominated for President in 1824 but lost to John Quincy Adams despite winning the popular vote. In 1828, however, Jackson was elected as the seventh President of the United States and served two terms.
General of the Army Winfield Scott (1786–1866)
Winfield Scott served in the U.S. Army as a general on active duty longer than any other person.
He first commanded forces in the Niagara campaign of the War of 1812 and rose steadily through the ranks. Held for a time by the British as a prisoner of war and suffering serious injuries in the Battle of Lundy’s Lane, Scott was promoted to Brigadier General for his valor. Scott also saw service in the Indian Wars and supervised the 1838 Cherokee Removal that became known as the Trail of Tears.
In 1841 he was named Commanding General of the Army. A national hero after the Mexican-American War. Scott was the unsuccessful nominee of the Whig Party for President in 1852. Although Scott was in ill health by 1861 and resigned from the Army, he developed a strategy that ultimately proved successful for the Union Army in the Civil War.
The Hermitage: Andrew Jackson's Estate
Andrew Jackson bought the Nashville property that became The Hermitage in 1804. Initially, the house was a log farmhouse. Jackson developed the property into a prosperous cotton plantation, worked by slaves. He also bred and raised racehorses. In 1819, Jackson began construction of a large Federal-style house, formal gardens, and numerous brick outbuildings, and in 1821, Jackson and his wife Rachel moved into the new house.
Tragically, soon after Jackson was elected President in 1828, Rachel died. Jackson’s son and friends managed The Hermitage while Jackson was in Washington, but he returned there after he left the office and lived in The Hermitage until his death in 1845.
In the 1850s, the State of Tennessee bought a portion of the property, including the mansion and outbuildings, but allowed the Jackson family to remain as tenants. The property gradually fell into disrepair, but in 1888 a group of Tennessee women formed The Ladies’ Hermitage Association, modeled after the Mount Vernon Ladies’ Association, and preservation efforts began. In 1960, the National Park Service designated The Hermitage as a National Historic Landmark. The Hermitage is open to visitors and hosts many special events.
Visit The Hermitage
Collect Stamps and Learn History
Now you know some of the history behind the two-cent Army commemorative stamp of 1937.
Both children and adults can have fun learning history by collecting stamps, especially commemorative issues. The U.S. Postal Service (formerly the Post Office) has issued many fascinating commemorative postage stamps over the years, as have other countries around the world.
Most of these stamps are available at affordable prices. Get started with this rewarding hobby today!
© 2011 Brian Lokker