1936 One-Cent Navy Stamp: John Paul Jones and John Barry

Updated on November 20, 2017
brianlokker profile image

Brian started collecting stamps as a child. He recommends the hobby as a beautiful way to learn about history and the world.

Navy and Army Commemorative Stamp Series 1936-1937

The United States Post Office issued a series of commemorative postage stamps between December 1936 and May 1937 to honor the Navy and Army.

The Navy stamps pay tribute to naval heroes and leaders from the Revolutionary War, the War of 1812, the Civil War, and the Spanish-American War, as well as to the United States Naval Academy. The Army stamps honor a comparable group of army heroes.

These commemorative stamps provide a fascinating window into some of America's military history.

One-Cent Navy Stamp

The green 1¢ Navy stamp features portraits of Revolutionary War naval heroes John Paul Jones and John Barry. Under each man's portrait is the name of a famous ship that he commanded: Jones's ship the Bonhomme Richard and Barry's brigantine the Lexington, respectively. The stamp also depicts three vessels of the Continental Navy.

This is the first stamp in the five-stamp Navy series, which also includes

The corresponding one-cent green Army stamp, featuring Continental Army Generals George Washington and Nathanael Greene, was issued on the same date as the one-cent Navy stamp.

Facts about This Stamp

  • Date and Place Issued: December 15, 1936, in Washington, D.C.
  • Quantity issued: 104,773,450
  • Designer: A. R. Meissner
  • Engravers: C. T. Arlt and L. C. Kauffmann (vignette), W. B. Wells (lettering)
  • Scott Catalog No. 790

Captain John Paul Jones (1747-1792)

Born in Scotland, John Paul Jones (born John Paul — he added the surname "Jones" later) sailed on various British merchant and slave ships beginning at age 13. He settled in Virginia in the early 1770s and volunteered for the Continental Navy after the outbreak of the Revolutionary War. In December 1775 Jones was commissioned as a First Lieutenant and assigned to the Alfred. In early 1776, he became the first officer to raise an American flag — the Continental Colors, also known as the Grand Union Flag — over a naval vessel.

Commanding the Ranger in February 1778, Jones marked another first, as the Ranger became the first American ship to be saluted by the French after France recognized the new American republic in the Treaty of Alliance. Under Jones, the Ranger won a significant battle in April 1778, capturing the British sloop HMS Drake. This victory showed that the Royal Navy was not invincible and greatly boosted American morale.

John Paul Jones
John Paul Jones | Source

In 1779, Jones took command of the Bonhomme Richard, which was on loan from the French to the Continental Navy. Leading a five-ship squadron, Jones sailed around the British Isles and captured sixteen British merchant vessels. On September 23, Jones engaged the British frigate HMS Serapis and a second ship, the Countess of Scarborough, in the Battle of Flamborough Head in the North Sea off the coast of Yorkshire. Although the Bonhomme Richard was badly damaged and ultimately allowed to sink, Jones rallied his crew with the vow, "I have not yet begun to fight!" and succeeded in capturing both the Serapis and the Scarborough.

Afer the war, Jones served for a time in the Imperial Russian Navy, although he remained an American citizen and naval officer. He died and was buried in Paris in 1792, but his body was brought back to the United States in the early 1900s and re-interred in the Naval Academy Chapel in Annapolis.

USS Bonhomme Richard
USS Bonhomme Richard | Source

Commodore John Barry (1745-1803)

John Barry was an Irish Catholic merchant seaman who settled in Philadelphia in the early 1760s and built an excellent reputation for seamanship. When Barry volunteered for service in the Continental Navy in December 1775, he was commissioned as a Captain.

Barry commanded the Lexington from December 1775 to October 1776. Under Barry's command, the Lexington in April 1776 became the first American ship to engage and capture an armed British warship, the Edward. Barry also captured several other armed vessels as commander of the Lexington.

From 1776 to 1780 Barry served as senior commander of the busy Port of Philadelphia, supervising ship construction for the Continental Navy. In December 1776 he assembled a group of volunteers to assist General George Washington in crossing the Delaware. Barry's volunteers also participated in the Battle of Trenton that followed, and in the Battle of Princeton in January 1777. While serving as commander of the port, Barry also captured and sank several British ships on the Delaware.

John Barry
John Barry | Source

Barry took command of the Alliance in September 1780 and engaged the British in several notable battles. In May 1781, seriously injured and facing surrender, Barry rallied his officers and crew to defeat the British ships HMS Atalanta and Trespassy. On March 10, 1783, five weeks after the Treaty of Paris that ended the war, the Alliance fired the final shots in the Revolutionary War in a battle with the British ship Sybil.

After the War, when President George Washington established the United States Navy, Barry was given the first commission and the command of the frigate USS United States with the title of Commodore. Having also authored a book on naval signals and mentored many future naval officers, Barry is widely credited as the "father of the United States Navy."

USS Lexington
USS Lexington | Source

Learn History by Collecting Stamps

So now you know some of the history behind the one-cent Navy commemorative stamp of 1936.

Collecting stamps, especially commemoratives, is a great way for both children and adults to learn history. The United States alone has issued hundreds of commemorative postage stamps, and thousands of stamps that tell interesting stories have been issued worldwide.

Most of these commemorative stamps are affordable for collectors. Give stamp collecting a try. It's fun and educational!

Questions & Answers

    Comments

      0 of 8192 characters used
      Post Comment

      • brianlokker profile imageAUTHOR

        Brian Lokker 

        21 months ago from Bethesda, Maryland

        Hi Susan. I'm not an expert on stamp values, but according to the Hobbizine website, this stamp is worth $0.35 in mint condition, $0.20 used. See http://values.hobbizine.com/stamps/us-1936-37.html...

      • profile image

        Susan E. Smith 

        22 months ago

        Hello I have three one cent stamps undone of Jones and Barry and wondered what they would be worth.

        Thank you,

        Susan

      working

      This website uses cookies

      As a user in the EEA, your approval is needed on a few things. To provide a better website experience, hobbylark.com uses cookies (and other similar technologies) and may collect, process, and share personal data. Please choose which areas of our service you consent to our doing so.

      For more information on managing or withdrawing consents and how we handle data, visit our Privacy Policy at: https://hobbylark.com/privacy-policy#gdpr

      Show Details
      Necessary
      HubPages Device IDThis is used to identify particular browsers or devices when the access the service, and is used for security reasons.
      LoginThis is necessary to sign in to the HubPages Service.
      Google RecaptchaThis is used to prevent bots and spam. (Privacy Policy)
      AkismetThis is used to detect comment spam. (Privacy Policy)
      HubPages Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide data on traffic to our website, all personally identifyable data is anonymized. (Privacy Policy)
      HubPages Traffic PixelThis is used to collect data on traffic to articles and other pages on our site. Unless you are signed in to a HubPages account, all personally identifiable information is anonymized.
      Amazon Web ServicesThis is a cloud services platform that we used to host our service. (Privacy Policy)
      CloudflareThis is a cloud CDN service that we use to efficiently deliver files required for our service to operate such as javascript, cascading style sheets, images, and videos. (Privacy Policy)
      Google Hosted LibrariesJavascript software libraries such as jQuery are loaded at endpoints on the googleapis.com or gstatic.com domains, for performance and efficiency reasons. (Privacy Policy)
      Features
      Google Custom SearchThis is feature allows you to search the site. (Privacy Policy)
      Google MapsSome articles have Google Maps embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
      Google ChartsThis is used to display charts and graphs on articles and the author center. (Privacy Policy)
      Google AdSense Host APIThis service allows you to sign up for or associate a Google AdSense account with HubPages, so that you can earn money from ads on your articles. No data is shared unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
      Google YouTubeSome articles have YouTube videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
      VimeoSome articles have Vimeo videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
      PaypalThis is used for a registered author who enrolls in the HubPages Earnings program and requests to be paid via PayPal. No data is shared with Paypal unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
      Facebook LoginYou can use this to streamline signing up for, or signing in to your Hubpages account. No data is shared with Facebook unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
      MavenThis supports the Maven widget and search functionality. (Privacy Policy)
      Marketing
      Google AdSenseThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
      Google DoubleClickGoogle provides ad serving technology and runs an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
      Index ExchangeThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
      SovrnThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
      Facebook AdsThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
      Amazon Unified Ad MarketplaceThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
      AppNexusThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
      OpenxThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
      Rubicon ProjectThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
      TripleLiftThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
      Say MediaWe partner with Say Media to deliver ad campaigns on our sites. (Privacy Policy)
      Remarketing PixelsWe may use remarketing pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to advertise the HubPages Service to people that have visited our sites.
      Conversion Tracking PixelsWe may use conversion tracking pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to identify when an advertisement has successfully resulted in the desired action, such as signing up for the HubPages Service or publishing an article on the HubPages Service.
      Statistics
      Author Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide traffic data and reports to the authors of articles on the HubPages Service. (Privacy Policy)
      ComscoreComScore is a media measurement and analytics company providing marketing data and analytics to enterprises, media and advertising agencies, and publishers. Non-consent will result in ComScore only processing obfuscated personal data. (Privacy Policy)
      Amazon Tracking PixelSome articles display amazon products as part of the Amazon Affiliate program, this pixel provides traffic statistics for those products (Privacy Policy)