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1945 Fun Facts and Trivia

Gregory DeVictor is a trivia enthusiast who loves to write articles on American nostalgia.

This article teaches you fun facts, trivia, and history from the year 1945.

This article teaches you fun facts, trivia, and history from the year 1945.

A Look Back at 1945

What are some fun facts, trivia, and history events from the year 1945?

  1. On January 20, Franklin D. Roosevelt was inaugurated for a fourth consecutive term as president of the United States. On April 12, President Roosevelt died in office, and Vice President Harry Truman was sworn in as the 33rd U.S. president.
  2. On February 23, six U.S. Marines raised a large American flag at the summit of Mount Suribachi on Iwo Jima, which was a major Japanese stronghold. The photo quickly became famous worldwide because it symbolized the “resilience of the U.S. Marines” during World War II.
  3. On May 8, World War II ended in Europe after Germany unconditionally surrendered to the Western Allies.
  4. The Potsdam Conference took place from July 17 to August 2, 1945. The goals of the conference were to establish post-war order, resolve peace treaty issues, and counter the effects of war. The participants—the United States, Great Britain, France, and the Soviet Union—divided Germany into four occupation zones. These zones were the United States in the south, Great Britain in the northwest, France in the southwest, and the Soviet Union in the east.
  5. On August 6, the United States dropped an atomic bomb on Hiroshima. Three days later, the U.S. dropped a second atomic bomb on Nagasaki, Japan, destroying part of the city.
  6. On August 14, Japan surrendered unconditionally to end WWII, after the Allies refused Japan's offer to surrender on the condition that Emperor Hirohito retain his status.
  7. An estimated 70–85 million people died during World War II, which was about 3% of the 1940 world population of 2.3 billion people.
  8. On June 26, the United Nations Charter was signed by 50 nations in San Francisco, and came into force on October 24, 1945.
  9. A hurricane in southern Florida destroyed 366 planes and 25 blimps at the Richmond Naval Air Station.
  10. Dutch physician Willem Kolff performed the first successful kidney dialysis using his artificial kidney machine.
  11. Grand Rapids, Michigan became the first American city to fluoridate its drinking water.
  12. In 1945, Perry Spencer invented the microwave, Ralph Teetor invented cruise control, and Andrew Freeman invented the block heater.
  13. Going My Way won six Academy Awards, including Best Picture and Best Director.
  14. Arthur Godfrey Time began a 27-year run on CBS radio and television, and the public affairs program Meet the Press premiered on NBC radio.
  15. Popular music artists from 1945 include The Andrews Sisters, Perry Como, Bing Crosby, Benny Goodman and His Orchestra, Louis Armstrong, Ella Fitzgerald, Billie Holiday, Guy Lombardo and His Royal Canadians, Dinah Shore, and Frank Sinatra.
  16. Elvis Presley made his first public appearance at the age of 10.
  17. The Cleveland Rams were the NFL champs, the Detroit Tigers won the World Series, and the Toronto Maple Leafs clinched the Stanley Cup.
  18. In 1945, Ashley Furniture, Kaiser Permanente, Mattel, Minute Maid, and U-Haul were all founded.
  19. Future U.S. President George H. W. Bush married Barbara Pierce, and comedian Groucho Marx wed Kay Marvis.
  20. Slinky was a popular holiday gift, and Ebony magazine began publishing.

Here are five popular radio shows from 1945:

  1. Arthur Godfrey Time (CBS)
  2. Fibber McGee and Molly (NBC)
  3. The Breakfast Club (ABC)
  4. The Kraft Music Hall (NBC)
  5. The Lone Ranger (syndicated)

Here are ten food and beverage trends for the year:

  1. Betty Crocker’s cake mixes
  2. Cheerios
  3. Coconut cream pie
  4. Egg salad
  5. Gold nugget cake
  6. Jell-O salads
  7. Mashed potatoes
  8. Meatloaf
  9. Molasses cookies
  10. Spam

Whether you’re a millennial, a 50-something, or a baby boomer, this article teaches you fun facts, trivia, and history from the year 1945. Find out about popular movies and music, famous authors and novels, cool sports facts, and other interesting pop culture trends to get the right mix of questions and answers for your 1940s-themed trivia quiz.

Table of Contents

For easier reading, I have divided this article into the following categories:

  1. Grocery Prices in the Year 1945
  2. History Facts From the USA and World
  3. Sports Trivia
  4. Miscellaneous Fun Facts, Trivia, and Pop Culture Trends
  5. Nobel Prize Winners
  6. Best-Selling Fiction Books
  7. Television Shows From 1945
  8. Popular Radio Shows
  9. Highest-Grossing Films
  10. Horror Movies From 1945
  11. Biggest Pop Music Artists
  12. Top 40 Songs for the Year
  13. Food Trends
  14. Famous Birthdays
  15. Weddings and Divorces
  16. Well-Known People Who Died in 1945
  17. American Companies Launched in 1945
In 1945, you could buy a quart jar of Hellman’s Mayonnaise for 35 cents.

In 1945, you could buy a quart jar of Hellman’s Mayonnaise for 35 cents.

1. Grocery Prices in the Year 1945

During World War II (September 1939-August 1945), the price of food in the United States increased by over 40 percent. At the end of 1945, the Bureau of Labor Statistics all-foods price index "was more than 41 percent above the 1935-39 average. Shortages of certain foods were intensified in 1944, and some foods became extremely scarce in 1945.”

These grocery facts have been made available courtesy of the Morris County Public Library in Whippany, NJ.

  1. Apples: Two pounds for 23 cents
  2. Beef (chopped): 27 cents a pound
  3. Beef (Porterhouse steak): 40 cents a pound
  4. Bisquick: 30 cents for a large box
  5. Cereal: (Kellogg’s Corn Flakes): Five cents for a six-ounce package
  6. Cheese (Kraft Philadelphia cream cheese): 11 cents for a three-ounce package
  7. Cheese (Kraft Velveeta): 71 cents for a 32-ounce loaf
  8. Cocoa (Nestle’s): 19 cents for an eight-ounce package
  9. Coffee (Eight O’Clock): 41 cents for a one-pound bag
  10. Coffee (Sanka, decaffeinated): 36 cents for a 16-ounce jar
  11. Crackers (Nabisco Ritz): 21 cents for a one-pound box
  12. Crisco: 68 cents for a three-pound tin
  13. Eggs: 55 cents a dozen
  14. Fish (codfish steaks): 33 cents a pound
  15. Flour: 45 cents for a 10-pound bag
  16. Grapefruit (Indian River): Three for 19 cents
  17. Jelly (grape, Ann Page): 20 cents for a one-pound jar
  18. Juice (orange): 19 cents for an 18-ounce can
  19. Karo Syrup: 15 cents for a 24-ounce bottle
  20. Ketchup (Heinz): 22 cents for a 14-ounce bottle
  21. Mayonnaise (Hellman’s): 35 cents for a quart jar
  22. Onions (yellow): Three pounds for 17 cents
  23. Oranges (Florida): 20 cents for a dozen
  24. Peanut butter (Skippy): 33 cents for a one-pound jar
  25. Pudding (Jell-O or Royal): Six cents a package
  26. Raisins (Sunmaid): 25 cents for two 15-ounce packages
  27. Soda (Pepsi): 23 cents for six 12-ounce bottles
  28. Soup (Campbell’s tomato): 25 cents for three cans
  29. Tea (Ehler’s, bags): 41 cents for a 48-count box
  30. Worcestershire sauce: Nine cents for a five-ounce bottle
In 1945, the Cleveland Rams were the NFL champions.

In 1945, the Cleveland Rams were the NFL champions.

2. History Facts From the USA and World

  1. In 1945, the median household income in the United States was $2,595, and a gallon of gas averaged 15 cents. The average cost of a new home was $4,600, unemployment was 1.9%, and the inflation rate was 2.27%.
  2. Milk cost 63 cents a gallon, eggs were 55 cents a dozen, and chopped beef was 27 cents a pound. You could buy three pounds of yellow onions for 17 cents, a dozen Florida oranges for 20 cents, and six 12-ounce bottles of Pepsi for 23 cents.
  3. On January 10, the Los Angeles Railway (1901-1945) was sold by Henry Huntington’s estate to National City Lines, and then renamed the Los Angeles Transit Lines. MetroPrimaryResources.info explains that at its height, the Los Angeles Railway “contained over 20 streetcar lines and 1,250 trolleys, most running through the core of Los Angeles and serving such nearby neighborhoods as Echo Park, Westlake, Hancock Park, Exposition Park, West Adams, the Crenshaw district, Vernon, Boyle Heights, and Lincoln Heights.”
  4. On January 20, Franklin D. Roosevelt was inaugurated for a fourth consecutive term as president of the United States.
  5. On January 25, the New York Yankees were sold for $2.8 million by the Ruppert estate to construction magnate Del Webb and his partners Dan Topping and Larry MacPhail.
  6. On January 27, Soviet troops liberated the Auschwitz and Birkenau concentration camps in Poland.
  7. The Dutch famine of 1944–45 took place in the German-occupied Netherlands near the end of World War II. A German blockade had cut off food and fuel shipments from farm towns, which had affected over 4.5 million people. On January 28, Swedish ships brought food and other supplies to the Netherlands to alleviate the effects of the famine that had already claimed at least 20,000 lives.
  8. On January 30, American soldiers turned back German troops, and won the Battle of the Bulge.
  9. From February 7-12, U.S. President Franklin Roosevelt, British Prime Minister Winston Churchill, and Soviet Premier Joseph Stalin met at the Yalta Conference.
  10. On February 8, Paul Brown agreed to coach “the new American football expansion team in Cleveland, which would later be named the Cleveland Browns after their coach.”
  11. On February 13, allied planes began bombing Dresden, Germany.
  12. On February 13, after a 49-day battle with Nazi Germany, the USSR captured Budapest.
  13. On February 19, after 72 days of shelling the island, U.S. Marines landed on Iwo Jima. The intense fighting lasted a month.
  14. On February 23, six U.S. Marines raised a large American flag at the summit of Mount Suribachi on Iwo Jima, which was a Japanese stronghold. NationalGeographic.com tells us that “Photographer Joe Rosenthal got lucky and captured the moment in a single, immortal image. Within weeks the photograph became the theme of the U.S. Government’s seventh War Bond drive. A postage stamp bore the image. The scene has been reenacted multiple times on screen.”
  15. On March 3, the U.S. Army liberated Manila in the Philippines.
  16. On March 4, Princess Elizabeth—later Queen Elizabeth II—joined the British Auxiliary Transport Service as a driver.
  17. On March 6, George Nissen of Cedar Rapids, Iowa received a patent for the trampoline.
  18. On April 1, the battle of Okinawa began.
  19. On April 12, President Franklin D. Roosevelt died in office, and Vice President Harry Truman was sworn in as the 33rd U.S. president.
  20. On April 15, FDR was buried on the grounds of his Hyde Park, New York home.
  21. On April 29, the U.S. Army liberated the Dachau concentration camp.
  22. On April 30, German Chancellor Adolf Hitler and his wife Eva Braun committed suicide.
  23. On May 2, over one million German soldiers surrendered to the Western Allies in Italy and Austria.
  24. On May 8, World War II ended in Europe after Germany signed an unconditional surrender.
  25. On June 26, the United Nations Charter was signed by 50 nations in San Francisco, and came into force on October 24, 1945.
  26. The Potsdam Conference took place from July 17 to August 2, 1945. The goals of the conference were to establish post-war order, resolve peace treaty issues, and counter the effects of war. The participants—the United States, Great Britain, France, and the Soviet Union—divided Germany into four occupation zones. These zones were the United States in the south, Great Britain in the northwest, France in the southwest, and the Soviet Union in the east.
  27. On July 26, Winston Churchill resigned as British Prime Minister. History.com explains that “In the 11th hour of World War II, Winston Churchill was forced to resign as British prime minister following his party’s electoral defeat by the Labour Party. It was the first general election held in Britain in more than a decade. The same day, Clement Attlee, the Labour leader, was sworn in as the new British leader.”
  28. On August 6, the U.S. dropped an atomic bomb on Hiroshima.
  29. On August 9, the U.S. dropped a second atomic bomb on Nagasaki, Japan, destroying part of the city.
  30. On August 11, the Allies refused Japan's offer to surrender on the condition that Emperor Hirohito retains his status.
  31. On August 14, Japan surrendered unconditionally to end WWII.
  32. On August 15, wartime rationing of gasoline and fuel oil ended in the U.S.
  33. On August 15, MLB Commissioner Happy Chandler sold the World Series radio rights to Gillette for $150,000. Ford Motor had been the World Series sponsor since 1934, and was paid $100,000 annually.
  34. On September 9, Phillies’ first baseman Jimmie Foxx hit his 534th and final career HR.
  35. On September 11, Dutch physician Willem Kolff performed the first successful kidney dialysis using his artificial kidney machine.
  36. On September 15, a hurricane in southern Florida destroyed 366 planes and 25 blimps at the Richmond Naval Air Station.
  37. On November 23, wartime rationing of food ended in the U.S.
  38. On December 27, the International Monetary Fund and the World Bank were both created.
  39. In 1945, Grand Rapids, Michigan became the first American city to fluoridate its drinking water.
  40. In a 1945 essay, George Orwell coined the phrase “cold war.”
In 1945, The Lost Weekend—a film directed by Billy Wilder and starring Ray Milland and Jane Wyman—debuted in Los Angeles.

In 1945, The Lost Weekend—a film directed by Billy Wilder and starring Ray Milland and Jane Wyman—debuted in Los Angeles.

3. Sports Trivia

Generally suitable for all age groups, sports questions are a welcome addition to any trivia quiz.

  1. Kentucky Derby: Hoop Jr
  2. NCAA Basketball Champions: Oklahoma A&M
  3. NCAA Football Champs: Army
  4. Orange Bowl: Tulsa over Georgia Tech
  5. Rose Bowl: USC over Tennessee
  6. Stanley Cup Champs: Toronto Maple Leafs
  7. Sugar Bowl: Duke over Alabama
  8. NFL Champions: Cleveland Rams
  9. U.S. Open Golf: Not played because of WWII
  10. U.S. Open Tennis (men/women): Sgt. Frank Parker/Sarah Palfrey Cooke
  11. Wimbledon (men/women): Not played because of WWII
  12. World Series: Detroit Tigers
In 1945, Mattel—the official home to Barbie® and Fisher-Price®—was founded.

In 1945, Mattel—the official home to Barbie® and Fisher-Price®—was founded.

4. Miscellaneous Fun Facts, Trivia, and Pop Culture Trends

PBS.org explains that pop culture is that loose blend of books, music, fashion and other daily ephemera that contributes to the identity of a society at a particular point in time. In the 1940s, radio, film, and books defined the essence of American pop culture.

  1. In 1945, popular baby names were James, Robert, John, William, Mary, Linda, Barbara, and Patricia.
  2. The average life expectancy at birth in the United States was 63.6 years.
  3. About 75% of Americans lived in urban areas, and the remaining 25% lived in rural areas or on farms.
  4. Fashion icons for the year included Lauren Bacall, Ingrid Bergman, Joan Fontaine, Ava Gardner, Betty Grable, Rita Hayworth, Dorothy McGuire, Gene Tierney, Alexis Smith, and Lana Turner.
  5. Bess Myerson (New York, NY) won the Miss America crown.
  6. Time magazine’s “Person of the Year” was Harry S. Truman.
  7. At the 17th Academy Awards, which honored the best films of 1944, Going My Way won an Oscar for Best Picture, Leo McCarey (Going My Way) won an Oscar for Best Director, Bing Crosby (Going My Way) won an Oscar for Best Actor, and Ingrid Bergman (Gaslight) won an Oscar for Best Actress.
  8. The Academy Awards ceremony was broadcast for the first time over ABC radio.
  9. On March 15, Billboard published its first album chart.
  10. On March 27, Ella Fitzgerald and the Delta Rhythm Boys recorded the song It's Only a Paper Moon.
  11. On March 31, Tennessee Williams' The Glass Menagerie opened on Broadway.
  12. On April 12, Richard Strauss completed his Metamorphosen.
  13. On April 30, Arthur Godfrey Time began a 27-year run on CBS radio and television. Jimramsburg.com tells us that “Arthur Godfrey Time debuted on April 30, 1945, in the 9:15 a.m. half hour occupied since 1939 by the prestigious but sustaining American School of the Air. It was an immediate hit with listeners and when the network opened it to advertisers two years later, a commercial success. At the peak of its 27-year run, the mid-morning Arthur Godfrey Time had expanded to 90 minutes, parts or all of it were simulcast on CBS-TV and it recorded double digit ratings.”
  14. On June 9, the Warner Bros. cartoon, A Gruesome Twosome—starring the yellow canary Tweety —premiered in the USA.
  15. On July 6, Abbott and Costello's film, The Naughty Nineties, was released. It featured the longest version of their “Who's on First” routine.
  16. On August 30, composer Dmitri Shostakovich completed his Symphony No. 9.
  17. On September 28, the crime-drama Mildred Pierce, starring Joan Crawford and Jack Carson, was released.
  18. On October 3, Elvis Presley made his first public appearance at the age of 10.
  19. On October 5, public affairs program Meet the Press premiered on NBC radio.
  20. On November 29, The Lost Weekend, a film directed by Billy Wilder and starring Ray Milland and Jane Wyman, debuted in Los Angeles.
  21. Ashley Furniture, Kaiser Permanente, Mattel, Minute Maid, and U-Haul were all launched.
  22. The first Food-O-Mat was installed in a Grand Union supermarket in New Jersey. TheInfoSphere.com explains that a Food-O-Mat “is a small café where customers sit at tables and select their food from a conveyor belt as it passes them.”
  23. Slinky was a popular holiday gift, and Ebony magazine began publishing.
  24. One ounce of gold was worth $37.25.
  25. The minimum wage was 40 cents per hour.

5. Nobel Prize Winners

Beth Rowen tells us that winning a Nobel Prize is a life-changing honor. Whether the laureate is an internationally known figure (such as Mother Teresa) or a scientist from obscurity (like Richard R. Ernst), the award brings worldwide recognition that highlights one's life work and provides the funds to continue the mission.

This Nobel Prize information from 1945 has been made available courtesy of NobelPrize.com.

  1. Chemistry: Artturi Ilmari Virtanen
  2. Literature: Gabriela Mistral
  3. Peace: Cordell Hull
  4. Physics: Wolfgang Pauli
  5. Physiology or medicine: Alexander Fleming, Howard Florey, and Ernst Chain
Anchors Aweigh was a 1945 musical comedy film starring Frank Sinatra, Kathryn Grayson, and Gene Kelly.

Anchors Aweigh was a 1945 musical comedy film starring Frank Sinatra, Kathryn Grayson, and Gene Kelly.

6. Best-Selling Fiction Books

This book trivia has been made available courtesy of PublishersWeekly.com.

  1. Forever Amber by Kathleen Winsor
  2. The Robe by Lloyd C. Douglas
  3. The Black Rose by Thomas B. Costain
  4. The White Tower by James Ramsey Ullman
  5. Cass Timberlane by Sinclair Lewis
  6. A Lion Is in the Streets by Adria Locke Langley
  7. So Well Remembered by James Hilton
  8. Captain from Castile by Samuel Shellabarger
  9. Earth and High Heaven by Gwethalyn Graham
  10. Immortal Wife by Irving Stone

7. Television Shows From 1945

Did they have television in 1945? First, TandfOnline.com tells us that “Four months before Germany invaded Poland, on 30 April 1939, a regular schedule of TV programming for the American public began with a live broadcast of the opening of the New York World’s Fair. Just a few hundred sets were operating that day, and only one station—RCA’s experimental station W2XBS in New York—was on the air, televising President Roosevelt’s speech and the rest of the day’s festivities. The next morning, TV sets went on sale in New York department stores, and the age of television had begun.”

The truth is that American television remained alive and active during World War II. TandfOnline.com points out that “The industry aired original programming, covered live some major events from Pearl Harbor to V-J Day, helped the war effort in Europe and the Pacific and the civil defense on the homefront, and even raised a few controversies, including TV’s first case of censorship on moral grounds. Television during World War II became one of the interesting untold stories of American media.”

Here are 10 television shows that aired during 1945:

  1. Thrills and Chills from Everywhere
  2. The Voice of Firestone (classical music)
  3. The War As It Happens
  4. The World in Your Home (educational short films)
  5. Missus Goes A Shopping (game show)
  6. Dr. Death (drama series)
  7. On Stage, Everybody (television variety show)
  8. Serving Through Science (the first science-related network series)
  9. Teletruth (game show for kids)
  10. Television Quarterback (sports-themed show)

8. Popular Radio Shows

This 1945 radio trivia has been made available courtesy of Otrcat.com.

  1. Atlantic Spotlight (NBC/BBC)
  2. Birds Eye Open House (NBC)
  3. Fibber McGee and Molly (NBC)
  4. Hedda Hopper's Hollywood (CBS)
  5. Inner Sanctum Mysteries (CBS)
  6. Jimmie Fidler's Hollywood (NBC)
  7. Lights Out (NBC)
  8. Lux Radio Theatre (CBS)
  9. Murder Will Out (ABC)
  10. Pabst Blue Ribbon Town (CBS)
  11. Suspense (CBS)
  12. The Adventures of Ellery Queen (CBS)
  13. The American Album of Familiar Music (NBC)
  14. The Bill Stern Colgate Sports Newsreel (NBC and AFRS via short-wave)
  15. The Breakfast Club (ABC)
  16. The Charlie McCarthy Show (The Chase and Sanborn Program) (NBC)
  17. The George Burns and Gracie Allen Show (CBS)
  18. The Great Gildersleeve (NBC)
  19. The Kraft Music Hall (NBC)
  20. The Lady Esther Screen Guild Theatre (CBS)
  21. The Lone Ranger (syndicated)
  22. The Lucky Strike Program (NBC)
  23. The Pepsodent Show (NBC)
  24. The Red Skelton Show (NBC)
  25. The Rudy Vallee Drene Show (NBC)
In 1945, molasses cookies were all the rage.

In 1945, molasses cookies were all the rage.

9. Highest-Grossing Films

This movie trivia has been made available courtesy of The-Numbers.com.

  1. Anchors Away
  2. And Then There Were None
  3. A Tree Grows in Brooklyn
  4. A Walk in the Sun
  5. Detour
  6. I Know Where I'm Going
  7. Leave Her to Heaven
  8. Mildred Pierce
  9. Mom and Dad
  10. Rome Open City
  11. Scarlet Street
  12. The Battle of San Pietro
  13. The Bells of St. Mary's
  14. The Children of Paradise
  15. The Lost Weekend
  16. The Picture of Dorian Gray
  17. The Seventh Veil
  18. The Southerner, Spellbound
  19. The Spiral

10. Horror Movies From 1945

  1. Dead of Night
  2. Fog Island
  3. House of Dracula
  4. Isle of the Dead
  5. Jungle Captive
  6. Strange Confession
  7. The Body Snatcher
  8. The Frozen Ghost
  9. The Green Chamber of Linnais
  10. The Phantom Speaks
  11. The Picture of Dorian Gray
  12. The Strange Mr. Gregory
  13. The Unseen
  14. The Vampire’s Ghost
  15. The Woman Who Came Back

11. Biggest Pop Music Artists

Popular music artists from 1945 include The Andrews Sisters, Les Brown and His Orchestra, Frankie Carle and His Orchestra, Perry Como, Bing Crosby, Tommy Dorsey and His Orchestra, Benny Goodman and His Orchestra, Woody Herman and His Orchestra, Betty Hutton, Sammy Kaye, Stan Kenton and His Orchestra, Guy Lombardo and His Royal Canadians, Johnny Mercer, Freddy Martin and His Orchestra, The Merry Macs, Pied Pipers, Dinah Shore, Frank Sinatra, Kate Smith, and Jo Stafford.

And Then There Were None was a 1945 film adaptation of “Agatha Christie's best-selling 1939 mystery novel of the same name.”

And Then There Were None was a 1945 film adaptation of “Agatha Christie's best-selling 1939 mystery novel of the same name.”

12. Top 40 Songs for the Year

This music trivia from 1945 has been made available courtesy of PopularSong.org.

1. Sentimental Journey: Les Brown with Doris Day

2. It’s Been a Long, Long Time: Harry James with Kitty Kallen

3. Rum and Coca-Cola: Andrews Sisters

4. On The Atchison, Topeka, and the Santa Fe: Johnny Mercer

5. Till The End Of Time: Perry Como

6. Ac-cent-tchu-ate The Positive: Johnny Mercer

7. Don’t Fence Me In: Bing Crosby with the Andrews Sisters

8. Chickery Chick: Sammy Kaye

9. My Dreams Are Getting Better All the Time: Les Brown with Doris Day

10. I Can’t Begin To Tell You: Bing Crosby

11. Opus One: Tommy Dorsey

12. There! I’ve Said It Again: Vaughn Monroe

13. Tampico: Stan Kenton with June Christy

14. Laura: Woody Herman

15. Candy: Jo Stafford

16. Cattle Call: Eddy Arnold

17. It Might As Well Be Spring: Dick Haymes

18. I’m Beginning To See The Light: Harry James

19. There Goes That Song Again: Russ Morgan

20. Temptation: Perry Como

21. It’s Been a Long, Long Time: Bing Crosby with the Les Paul Trio

22. You’ll Never Walk Alone: Frank Sinatra

23. Caldonia: Louis Jordan and his Tympany Five

24. I’ll Buy That Dream: Dick Haymes

25. Dream: Pied Pipers

26. You Belong To My Heart: Bing Crosby & the Xavier Cugat Orchestra

27. A Little on the Lonely Side: Frankie Carle

28. Gotta Be This or That: Benny Goodman

29. Dig You Later: Perry Como

30. Who Threw The Whiskey In The Well: Lucky Millinder

31. The Honeydripper: Joe Liggins and his Honeydrippers

32. Bell Bottom Trousers: Tony Pastor’s Orchestra

33. Somebody’s Gotta Go: Cootie Williams

34. TippinIn: Erskine Hawkins

35. I Wonder: Roosevelt Sykes

36. Soliloquy: John Raitt

37. Bijou: Woody Herman

38. Oh! What It Seemed To Be: Frank Sinatra

39. Dream: Frank Sinatra

40. Your Father’s Moustache: Woody Herman

In 1945, Minute Maid—a product line of beverages that is generally associated with lemonade and orange juice—was founded.

In 1945, Minute Maid—a product line of beverages that is generally associated with lemonade and orange juice—was founded.

13. Food Trends

SoYummy.com explains that “The second World War ended in 1945, so people needed to ration supplies and make substitutions for pricier ingredients. Even if you had the money, you might not be able to get the items you wanted from the market. Consequently, certain meals were improvised, and a little had to go a long way. People got creative, though. And foods from the 1940s turned out to be unique and innovative.”

Here are some popular food trends from 1945:

  1. Betty Crocker’s cake mixes
  2. Bread pudding
  3. Cape cod bay brown bread
  4. Cheerios
  5. Cheese, potato, and onion pie
  6. Coconut cream pie
  7. Coleslaw
  8. Concentrated orange juice
  9. Cornmeal pancakes
  10. Deviled lobster
  11. Egg salad
  12. Gold nugget cake
  13. Homemade applesauce
  14. Irish soda bread
  15. Jell-O salads
  16. Jellied chicken
  17. Ketchup
  18. Liver loaf
  19. Lord Woolton pie (a blend of turnips, carrots, cauliflower, and oatmeal)
  20. Mashed potatoes
  21. Meat and potato patties
  22. Meatloaf
  23. Molasses cookies
  24. Oslo meals (An Oslo meal generally included bread, cheese, lettuce, and other salad ingredients.)
  25. Panned curried cabbage
  26. Plum Charlotte (Plum Charlotte is made with old fruit, typically plums or apples, and stale bread.)
  27. Potato and hot dog salad
  28. Spam
  29. Vegetable soap
  30. York peppermint patties
In 1945, meat loaf was a real crowd-pleaser.

In 1945, meat loaf was a real crowd-pleaser.

14. Famous Birthdays

  1. January 10: Rod Stewart (British singer)
  2. January 29: Tom Selleck (American actor who played in the TV series’ Rockford Files and Magnum PI)
  3. January 29: Donna Caponi (American golfer)
  4. March 28: Rodrigo Duterte (President of the Philippines)
  5. March 29: Walt "Clyde" Frazier (NBA guard)
  6. March 30: Eric Clapton (English singer and guitarist)
  7. April 14: Ritchie Blackmore (English guitarist)
  8. May 19: Peter Townshend (English rock guitarist, vocalist, and composer)
  9. June 11: Robert Munsch (Canadian children's author)
  10. July 26: Helen Mirren (English actress who played in The Queen and The Madness of King George)
  11. July 28: Jim Davis (American cartoonist and creator of the comic strips Garfield and U.S. Acres)
  12. August 14: Steve Martin (American actor, author, comedian, and musician)
  13. September 17: Phil Jackson (American basketball player and coach)
  14. October 30: Henry Winkler (American actor who played in Happy Days and Night Shift)
  15. November 12: Neil Young (Canadian singer and songwriter who is a member of Crosby, Stills, Nash & Young)
  16. November 17: Elvin Hayes (American Basketball Hall of Fame forward)
  17. November 27: Barbara Anderson (American actress who played in Ironside and Mission Impossible)
  18. December 1: Bette Midler (American actress and singer)
  19. December 17: Chris Matthews (American journalist)
  20. December 22: Diane Sawyer (American newscaster who appeared on 60 Minutes and ABC Prime Time)

15. Weddings and Divorces

Marriages of interest:

  1. On January 6, future U.S. President George H. W. Bush married Barbara Pierce.
  2. On January 29, actress Gloria Swanson wed William N. Davey.
  3. On March 21, actor Humphrey Bogart married actress Lauren Bacall.
  4. On April 30, MLB catcher Roy Campanella wed Ruthe Willis.
  5. On May 22, paranormal investigators Lorraine Warren and Ed Warren tied the knot.
  6. On June 2, athlete Jim Thorpe married Patricia Askew.
  7. On July 21, comedian Groucho Marx wed Kay Marvis.
  8. On September 1, author Kurt Vonnegut Jr. wed Jane Marie Cox.
  9. On September 19, actress Shirley Temple married actor John Agar.
  10. On September 21, publisher Malcolm Forbes wed Roberta Remsen Laidlaw.
  11. On September 27, actor Richard Cromwell married actress Angela Lansbury.
  12. On October 5, actress Janet Leigh wed Stanley Reames.
  13. On October 17, actress Ava Gardner married bandleader Artie Shaw.
  14. On November 30, actress Bette Davis wed artist William Grant Sherry.
  15. On December 24, actress Mary Astor married Thomas Gordon Wheelock.

Divorce:

  • On December 21, American author and journalist Ernest Hemingway and journalist Martha Gellhorn divorced.
In 1945, the Toronto Maple Leafs won the Stanley Cup.

In 1945, the Toronto Maple Leafs won the Stanley Cup.

16. Well-Known People Who Died in 1945

  1. January 6: Edith Frank (mother of Holocaust diarist Anne Frank)
  2. March 12: Anne Frank (Dutch diarist who wrote the Diary of Anne Frank)
  3. March 26: David Lloyd George (British prime minister from 1916-22)
  4. April 12: Franklin Roosevelt (32nd U.S. president from 1933-1945).
  5. May 2: Joe Corbett (American baseball player)
  6. June 18: Florence Bascom (American geologist and the first woman to be hired by the U.S. Geological Survey)
  7. August 10: Robert H. Goddard (American rocket pioneer who invented and built the first liquid-fueled rocket)
  8. October 13: Milton S. Hershey (American chocolate tycoon)
  9. November 11: Jerome Kern (American composer)
  10. December 16: Giovanni Agnelli (Italian industrialist and the founder of Fiat)
  11. December 21: George S. Patton (American WWII general)
  12. December 28: Theodore Dreiser (American novelist who wrote An American Tragedy)

17. American Companies Launched in 1945

  1. Arlan’s (a discount store chain)
  2. Ashley Furniture Industries, Inc. (a home furnishings manufacturer and retailer)
  3. Charlton Comics (a comic book publishing company that was in business from 1945 to 1986)
  4. Electronic Associates, Inc. (a manufacturer of analog computers)
  5. Kaiser Permanente (a managed care consortium that is based in Oakland, CA)
  6. Mattel, Inc. (a toy manufacturing company)
  7. Mohawk Airlines (a regional passenger airline operating mainly in New York and Pennsylvania)
  8. Minute Maid (a product line of beverages that is generally associated with lemonade and orange juice)
  9. Rich Products Corporation—also known as Rich's (a privately-held food products corporation)
  10. U-Haul (a moving equipment and storage rental company)
In 1945, Cheerios was a popular food.

In 1945, Cheerios was a popular food.

References:

In 1945, Tennessee Williams' The Glass Menagerie opened on Broadway.

In 1945, Tennessee Williams' The Glass Menagerie opened on Broadway.

© 2020 Gregory DeVictor

Comments

Gregory DeVictor (author) from Pittsburgh, PA on August 15, 2020:

Liz, thank you for the comment. This was a rather difficult article to write, since everything was so unfamiliar. It was surprising to learn that there was television in 1945 to a very limited degree.

Liz Westwood from UK on August 15, 2020:

You picked a very relevant year to cover. In the UK today we remembered the 75 year anniversary of VJ day. Victory marked the end of the 2nd world war.