How to Create a Monologue (Easy and Simple)

Updated on October 9, 2019
Jakubowski profile image

Jakubowski has been an online writer for 8 years and has a particular interest in performing arts, especially monologues.

Learn how to write an original monologue from scratch.
Learn how to write an original monologue from scratch. | Source

What Is a Monologue?

A monologue is a long speech made by a single actor in a play or film. Monologues have been around since Ancient Greece, and they are still commonly used as literary devices in dramatic media today. They are tools used to provide additional information and details about a character or the plot.

Theater jargon can be confusing—the difference between a soliloquy and a monologue is that the former is when a character, who's usually alone, speaks their own thoughts aloud to themselves. A monologue is any speech delivered by a character, whether to other characters or the audience.

In this article, I will show you how to write a script from scratch in four simple steps.

Famous Monologue Examples

Play
Character
Opening Line
Hamlet
Hamlet
"To be, or not to be, that is the question..."
Oedipus the King
Jocasta
"Why should a mortal man, the sport of chance, With no assured foreknowledge, be afraid?"
Antigone
Antigone
"Yea, for these laws were not ordained of Zeus, And she who sits enthroned with gods below..."
Twelfth Night
Viola
"I left no ring with her: what means this lady?"
Julius Caesar
Marc Antony
"Friends, Romans, countrymen, lend me your ears; I come to bury Caesar, not to praise him..."
As You Like It
Jacques
"All the world’s a stage, And all the men and women merely players..."
Richard III
Gloucester
"Now is the winter of our discontent Made glorious summer by this sun of York..."
A Midsummer Night's Dream
Flute (as Thisbe)
"Asleep, my love? What, dead, my dove? O Pyramus, arise!"

Steps to Creating a Dramatic Monologue

  1. Think up a character.
  2. Create a character profile.
  3. Begin your script.
  4. Edit your monologue.

Things to Remember

  • In a monologue, you are the only actor/actress.
  • It should be clear and easy to understand.
  • You should take the audience on some type of journey.
  • Aim for something new.
  • Your character should be someone who intrigues you to take on.
  • In regards to timing, don't rush yourself, but don't pause for a long time.

Monologue vs. Soliloquy

You may have heard both of these terms used before, but what's the difference? In a monologue, one character is addressing the audience or other characters, whereas in a soliloquy, the character is speaking alone.

Writing a monologue is tricky—make every word count!
Writing a monologue is tricky—make every word count! | Source

Step 1: Think Up a Character

Think up the type of character you want. You don't necessarily need to know much about them at this stage. You could do this by standing in front of a mirror holding a position of your made-up character or even talking gibberish and testing out different facial expressions, voice, and movement. Another good starting point is to base your character on someone you know or some TV star you see as an inspiration.

Think about where you want the monologue to go and how it's meant to fit in with the rest of your play. What role do the monologue and the one delivering the speech play in the context of the written work as a whole? Start thinking about these things as you begin to develop your character.

Step 2: Create a Character Profile

Now that you have some idea of a character in mind, it's time to create a character profile. A character profile should include the following:

  • Name: The name and all nicknames of your character should be placed here.
  • Biography: A brief overview of your character should be written out here. These prompts should be used as a jumping off point. The key is to delve into your character's past, present and future.
  • Age: Child, teen, mid-'20s, middle-aged.
  • Facial Expressions: Angry, sad, happy, chagrined.
  • Hair: Neat/messy, up/down, long/short.
  • Clothing Style: Casual, posh, formal, grungy.
  • Speaking Style: Shy, loud, accent, slang.
  • General Demeanor: How they come across to other people.
  • Career: What they are, work as, or get paid for doing.
  • Hobbies: What they enjoy doing.
  • Likes: What they like.
  • Dislikes: What they hate.

Tip: When creating a character for a monologue, it's important to make sure your audience will be able to connect with that character. Since monologues are long speeches, you need to know you'll be able to capture and maintain your audience's attention throughout the speech.

Think about your audience when crafting a monologue.
Think about your audience when crafting a monologue. | Source

Step 3: Begin Your Script

Begin writing your script. Remember to keep it short and sweet—a monologue should be no longer than one or two pages long and should take about two minutes to deliver (give or take), including all pauses.

Now that you've created a detailed character profile, you should find your path from there simple and easy. Decide whether you want the monologue to be comedic or dramatic, and think about the arc of the monologue. The character should make some discovery or go on some internal journey.

How to Structure a Monologue

You should begin paying attention to the past, present, and future parts of your character profile. This should show your character's life already planned out. Here are some ideas and suggestions to explore when crafting your monologue:

  1. Start by taking a part of your character's past and creating a flashback scene from it.
  2. Transitions are very important. Be creative: Pause for a second and let something happen or do something such as putting a hood on or off.
  3. Next, you should be able to know what your monologue is about. Once you do, you should open up Microsoft Word or any other writing program and start drafting your monologue script.

Again, you should keep in mind or have a copy of your character profile near you at all times.

  • Start by introducing your character, in character, to the audience. You could use an aside: An aside is when your character speaks their mind to the audience.
  • Next, briefly allow the audience to know what situation you are in or what message you are trying to get across in your performance. Take the audience with you on your own journey depending on what you have created so far.
  • Further down in your script, you should have already played out all the key facts you needed to get your chosen message across or what you wanted the audience to see, whether it be a mental journey or a physical one.
  • Lastly, you should end your monologue script smoothly, not just by pausing and finishing with the audience having unanswered questions.

Step 4: Edit Your Monologue

Editing is the most important part of writing a monologue—make sure to edit your script a few times after you have finished it. You need to make sure that every single sentence and word is necessary and serves a purpose.

Draft it and keep on going until you are happy with it. Only once you're happy with what you have and it checks all those "to remember" points in the list at the top should you consider it a final draft.

Remember

Now that you have a script, you still have to bring it to life as an actor and director.

Frequently Asked Questions About Writing a Monologue

How can I memorize a monologue?

Break the text up into sections so that you can memorize the text in bite-sized chunks. This will also help you to revise and edit as needed. Hand-writing has been proven to bolster your ability to retain information, so give that a try as well!

How can I write a monologue for a ___________ character?

Make sure to do research on the type of character for whom you're writing the monologue. If you don't know how to write from the perspective of a character who's older, younger, gay, straight, male, female, or different from you in some other way, beginning the monologue-writing process with extensive research is key. You need to get inside your character's head to feel what they feel and think what they think—reading books, watching movies, or talking to people who understand the type of character you're going for is a great place to start.

How long should a monologue be?

A monologue needs to be short and sweet. Remember, you need to capture and maintain your audience's attention. Keep it to two minutes (three minutes maximum), including all pauses.

How do I make a monologue interesting?

Keep it short, and make sure your character has an arc or storyline that is examined within the text of the monologue. Focus on the editing phase of writing the monologue—remember that every word needs to drive the plot forward.

How do I use a monologue worksheet?

A monologue worksheet is a physical template you can use to direct your monologue-writing. With it, you can create a visual outline for your character profile. Fill out information about your character—their age, fears, likes and dislikes, etc. Then answer some questions about the monologue itself, such as where it takes place, what issues will be resolved, what outcome the character desires, and what obstacles may be preventing that outcome. With a monologue worksheet, you have all the information about the character and the monologue in front of you while you're writing. You can use Microsoft Word to create the monologue worksheet template, then print and hand-write on it, or simply use it as a working document on your computer.

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    • profile image

      Mike oxlong 

      6 weeks ago

      Hi my name is mike

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      Braelen Falla 

      6 weeks ago

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      6 weeks ago

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      Steveie gggggggg 

      6 weeks ago

      The main point of this paragraph is that it was a very well designed and well created app that it would have been a very well written app and I could not recommend to use it as I was reading it but I had no clue how to use the English language as well but it is very very useful to the point where it works well with it all over it haha app does the best I have used for it but I have been very well and it was the first app that it had been a while ago I was just wondering how it would have to get the most cherry’s

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      Eoin 

      7 weeks ago

      Yes he is.

    • profile image

      Alc 

      7 weeks ago

      Are you sure about that !!!!

    • profile image

      Monica fleya 

      7 weeks ago

      That isnt very nice Eoin.

    • profile image

      Alc manqle 

      7 weeks ago

      Agreed

    • profile image

      Eoin Murphy 

      7 weeks ago

      I very much dislike this

    • profile image

      Sarah Creber 

      7 weeks ago

      I love it like my dog

    • profile image

      Katie 

      2 months ago

      what is this by what the heck

      https://skribbl.io/?HoyAmtcPAo21 just join the game

    • profile image

      Ncamsile Thabet 

      7 months ago

      U

      I would like to get knowledge in writing a monologue and to get the auditions

    • profile image

      GLADOS.exe 

      9 months ago

      THX guys this is good you should read it again. Cussing isnt good peeps.

    • profile image

      somebody...anybody 

      12 months ago

      thank you for the help

    • profile image

      Rodrigo 

      12 months ago

      i think that to make or write a monologue is so easy but when you start and try to write simple and short the idea no the end

    • profile image

      Ageiram 

      14 months ago

      This website really helped. THX :D

    • profile image

      vuyo mdaka 

      15 months ago

      thanks with the very solid and helping massage especially i want to make one of my own.i always loved acting not knowing how to get started not having a clue of what i need to do to get me started...so watch out for the next south africas best actors to come.....thank you

    • profile image

      Jesus kondom 

      17 months ago

      wait isn't a monologue writen like you think

    • profile image

      mac9999888777666 

      19 months ago

      it realy helped

    • profile image

      idk and idc 

      19 months ago

      Thanks for the help I sorta get it now

    • profile image

      bob 

      19 months ago

      i am wrighting a monolouge it helped a bit

    • profile image

      Abigail 

      20 months ago

      Thank you vety much,you madee to writey monologue for theater class

    • profile image

      aphroditeJl 

      21 months ago

      Thanks for lending us this incridble ideas especially for me cause' it helps me making my nephew a monologue. Well,first I am having a difficulty in writing it but when the time I found this page of yours, I felt so excited. So thank you a lot!

    • profile image

      suhani 

      21 months ago

      good info.

      was very helpful

    • profile image

      Dixa 

      21 months ago

      I have an assignment of writing a monologue on a bubblie character (girl) of 17/18 yrs but I really don't know what to write?!

    • profile image

      Jai 

      23 months ago

      I have a project to do on Hispanic people by doing a monologue but i really don’t know much about what you supposed to put omg a monologue

    • profile image

      newbie 

      23 months ago

      Hi! i have an audition coming up and don't know much about it. this is my very first audition ever so i don't know what to expect... should i prepare to sing? dance? give a monologue? and how long does an audition usually take?

    • profile image

      Buhle 

      2 years ago

      Hei guyz ineed a help about monologue theme say isolation

    • profile image

      Unknown 

      2 years ago

      hi , I'm trying doing my best to write a monologue but I don't know how because I never write monologue in my life

    • profile image

      Wolf478 

      2 years ago

      I'm also writing a monologue for a class, and I will be presenting it. after reading this, I feel confident in my capability to do so with an effective script.

      Cheers!

    • profile image

      Person 

      2 years ago

      This was ver useful and it did not just make the crowd laugh it made me laugh! I loved using your tips for my presentation Thanks

    • profile image

      Sarah 

      2 years ago

      Hi, I am learning how to d a monologue and this really helped me and I got a A+ for my assessment. Thank you so much for helping me i really learnt a lot of things i really appreciate it.

      By the way keep up the work, yo really helped so much.

    • profile image

      Britney 

      2 years ago

      Can you please write an example straight away because I need this next week, I am gong to to it in front f a class I don’t know what to write. We are doing a refugee and I don’t know how to start it and I am really scared f doing it in front of a class because I have stage fright and I sweat alot

    • profile image

      mae 

      2 years ago

      example?plz and thanks

    • profile image

      Emani 

      2 years ago

      This is broken down very well and was very helpful! i follow the exact steps and came up with a good monologue! Thank You !

    • profile image

      Dun dun DUN 

      2 years ago

      This is pretty helpful!

    • profile image

      jella cyrus 

      2 years ago

      thank you for this, this explanation it's helpful .

    • profile image

      2 years ago

      Could you plz give an actual example of a monologue as well

    • profile image

      Annonomous 

      2 years ago

      Not too helpful,but okay

    • profile image

      allie 

      2 years ago

      this was really helpful. I'm writing a monologue for my school play auditions and this helped so much. I hope i get the lead role

    • profile image

      Paul Bernardo 

      2 years ago

      hey this helped me a lot, thanks.

    • profile image

      Ben dover 

      2 years ago

      Nice

    • profile image

      Me 

      2 years ago

      I thought this was gonna HELP me WRITE the script, not just say " oh, you just make up a character, the script will just POP into your mind..." Yeah. BIG help. Thanks.

    • profile image

      cro cro 

      2 years ago

      i did not understand a thing

    • profile image

      YoUr mOm 

      2 years ago

      where is the explanation of how to copy paste?

    • profile image

      Jeff 

      2 years ago

      I still don't understand

    • profile image

      butler (alfred pennyworth) 

      2 years ago

      hello the past i em from thy future! :) thanks for this its going to help me on my history monologue!

    • profile image

      Delights 

      2 years ago

      A lot of things here I didn't know

    • profile image

      random person 

      3 years ago

      hiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiii! i am 5 years late!

    • profile image

      Junjun 

      3 years ago

      Thanks dude... cool explaination

    • profile image

      nik 

      3 years ago

      did not help me a lot but was still pretty good on tips.

    • profile image

      Yashveen 

      3 years ago

      really useful

    • profile image

      johnclarke 

      3 years ago

      Have already got a book published but am trying a new genre.

      the character goes through three srages in the action, Spanish civil war, world war 2, and the Cuban revolution. He cannot reconcile the fact that his adopted father who has raised him an Argentian shot his biological father in line of duty. What would be an appropriate monologue to reconcile these two fact realizing that he loves his adopted father, but his Latin temperament means that he must revenge his biological father

    • profile image

      Rachel whitfield 

      3 years ago

      This monologue set plain, is the best.

      after i got through reading it, i had the best monologue ever with an A+. thanks so much.

    • profile image

      hotdog69 

      3 years ago

      thanks but I still dont know how to wright one as a story its only telling me how to start it with a character

      .

    • profile image

      Samanther 

      3 years ago

      SOOO GOOD AND USEFUL - like your BBC

    • profile image

      POOP 

      3 years ago

      so bad

    • profile image

      Samuel 

      3 years ago

      Thank you so much, that helped me a lot.

    • profile image

      Karenza 

      3 years ago

      This was sooooooo helpful, thx :)

    • profile image

      Jane 

      3 years ago

      Thank you so much for this. Now I know what kind of character I want to portray. :)

    • profile image

      idk1236 

      3 years ago

      this helped me so much .

    • profile image

      joy joy 

      4 years ago

      thank you

    • profile image

      nozipho 

      5 years ago

      Wow!thank you so much I have confidence and I so hope I'll nail my upcoming Audition,it my very first Audition

    • profile image

      sfundo 

      5 years ago

      Thank you

    • profile image

      katie 

      5 years ago

      omg, i just wanted an idea of how to start my monologue, like a good opening sentence, not the steps of making one, I already did all of that. wow this was such a waist of my time.

    • profile image

      niki maniji 

      5 years ago

      yasssss thank you mad props

    • profile image

      champion 

      6 years ago

      extremely shity i did a better job

    • profile image

      teacher 

      6 years ago

      You cant learn people... You can only teach them!!

    • profile image

      La Senor Espanol 

      6 years ago

      Genial! Me encanta!! :)

    • profile image

      samiha 

      6 years ago

      thx i like it

    • profile image

      ILOVEWHOEVERMADETHISPAGE 

      7 years ago

      I would have failed a big piece of English without this help!!!!!!!!!!!!! Thanks so much.

    • profile image

      YOUSAVEDMYLIFE 

      7 years ago

      THANKYOU SOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOO MUCH

    • profile image

      HS 

      7 years ago

      thanksssssssssss

    • profile image

      maramo 

      7 years ago

      i need an example of a monologue!!!!!!!! help!!!!!!!!!!!!!

    • profile image

      you made this on Google sites man! 

      7 years ago

      thnkz use hubs for homework

      u should put add on here and make money :D

    • profile image

      OHMAH GAWD 

      7 years ago

      amazing thnxx chuu

    • profile image

      sarah 

      7 years ago

      very helpful

    • profile image

      mlp 

      7 years ago

      el profe de world history de tercero de secuandaria del IBS me la pelaa muaks :*

    • profile image

      WHAT 

      7 years ago

      THANKS

    • profile image

      bob 

      7 years ago

      proper it helped a lot

    • profile image

      rosi 

      7 years ago

      omggggg ths was so helpful. I got this whole Romeo and Juliet monologue in the bag

    • profile image

      7 years ago

      thx a lot bro

    • profile image

      amelie 

      7 years ago

      thank you dude!!!!

    • profile image

      alfie 

      7 years ago

      coooooooool

    • profile image

      Pickles&Cabbage 

      7 years ago

      I had to do a monologue in history and I've never written one, let alone seen one until then! This helped me soooo much! Thank you so much!

    • profile image

      iftehar rafi 

      7 years ago

      sweet!!!!!!!!! really saved my hind.............. thanks a lot dude!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!

    • profile image

      alfie 

      7 years ago

      really helped

    • profile image

      amalayer 

      7 years ago

      thanks! it helped a lot...

    • profile image

      The Slender Man 

      7 years ago

      Very useful! Much thanks!

    • profile image

      emily 

      7 years ago

      woww!!!!!!! it is so easy thanks dude

    • profile image

      Amy 

      7 years ago

      thanks alot person that really helped

    • profile image

      7 years ago

      that was soooooo goooood

    • profile image

      vaness 

      7 years ago

      it helped

    • profile image

      kaka 

      7 years ago

      coool like it

    • profile image

      vo 

      7 years ago

      thanks so much

    • profile image

      doctor 

      7 years ago

      thank you

    • profile image

      me 

      7 years ago

      AWSOME

    • profile image

      wo 

      8 years ago

      wow that is easy

    • profile image

      angie 

      8 years ago

      awesome

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      jack 

      8 years ago

      great

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