The Easiest Way to Solve a Rubik's Cube, With StepbyStep Pictures & Video
For returning visitors: I've simplified this article even further by replacing some of the steps with shorter and easier moves, thus eliminating the need for entire steps that I had previously posted.
Solving the Rubik's Cube Is Easier Than You Think!
Many people give up on the Rubik's Cube after playing it for only a few minutes and never pick it up again.
Here is the secret:
It's almost impossible to solve the cube without knowing the basic solution method. The solution pamphlet that comes with a storebought cube can be very confusing, so I've arranged this article to make it simple, and I've included pictures and videos.
You do not have to memorize long complicated algorithms to solve the cube using this article.
For beginners, the layerbylayer method is the easiest.
The first step in this method starts with picking a color to build the 1st layer. A layer is 8 cubies, has 9 stickers on the face, and 12 stickers around the outside edges of the face.
For the purposes of this article, I will pick the white side as my first color to start solving the cube.
Get to Know Your Cube
Before getting started on the layerbylayer method, it's important to go over the basics.
On each of the 6 faces, the cube has 3 kinds of stickers:
 The center dot
 The 4 corner stickers
 The 4 edge stickers
In total, there are:
 6 center dots, 1 color each, at the center of each face.
 12 edges, which have 2 colors each, and are inbetween the center and corner dots.
 8 corners, which have 3 colors each, and are on the left & right, and top & bottom of each edge cubie.
There are 20 "cubies" that can be moved around, while the 6 center dots always remain in place.
A cubie is an edge or corner.
A "face" is a side of the cube (9 stickers only). In the picture above you can see the white face. It is the side of the cube that is always facing you on the front, no matter what color it is. Its opposite is the back face.
The rules for the faces are the same as the colors:
 Face (F) & back (B) are on opposite sides of the cube, the front and the back.
 Left (L) & right (R) are on the left and right sides of the cube.
 Up (U) & down (D) are on the top and bottom of the cube.
The standard notation for the cube is up, down, left, right, face, and back, or U, D, L, R, F, B for short.
Helpful Hint: Cube Color Schemes
In American models, the following colors are always opposite of each other.
 Green and Blue
 Orange and Red
 White and Yellow
Take the following quiz to see if you can use your knowledge of color scheme to figure out the hidden colors of the cube in the above diagram.
How to Read Rubik's Cube Notations
Rubik's Cube instructions will tell you to rotate to different sides. So, when the instructions tell you to move up, it means to turn the up side clockwise 90 degrees (1/4 the way around the top of the cube).
Another way to look at it is to imagine you are looking at the top of the cube and you want to turn a hand on a clock from 12 o'clock to 3 o'clock, so you would turn the top layer to the right one time.
The short video below shows the basic cube notation and solves the checkerboard pattern at the end.
NOTE: For all the videos in this article, be sure you have the annotations turned on to see the instructions.
Watch fullscreen & high quality to see the instructions better. Slow the video down if necessary. Pause the video at anytime. The settings for the videos can be found in the lower right hand corner of the video.
Video: Basic Cube Notation
Basic Cube Notation Chart
Solving the First Layer
Step 1: The Daisy Flower
Find the yellow center dot and you're ready to start solving the 1st layer.
 To start solving, make the "Daisy Flower" on the yellow face.
 The yellow face has the yellow center dot.
 Move the 4 white edges to the yellow face as shown below.
 The color of the corner stickers do not matter.
 Watch the video below the picture for an example solve of the Daisy Flower.
Step 2: The White Cross
Now you just need to move those four white edges to the white face, and line them up with the blue, red, green, and orange center dots.
That will complete the "White Cross." The video below the picture shows an example.
Step 3: Corners With White Stickers
 To finish the 1st layer, the corners with the white stickers need to be put into place.
 For this, and from this point on, you can keep the white face on the left side of the cube.
 There are 4 corners with white stickers, and they can be put into place 1 of 3 ways.
 The 3 pictures below each show one way. Below each picture is an example video.
Solving the Second Layer
To complete the second layer, the 4 edges that do not have a yellow sticker need to be put inbetween the center dots in the 2nd layer (blue, red, green, and orange).
They can be put into place 1 of 3 ways. The 3 pictures below show each one. Below each picture is a video example.
First Two Layers: Inserting the Edges (Case 1)
In this picture, below, the green/orange edge is on top, lined up with the green center dot. It needs to be moved toward you and to your left.
First Two Layers: Inserting the Edges (Case 2)
In this picture, below, the blue/orange edge is on the front, lined up with the blue center dot. It needs to be moved up and to your left.
First Two Layers: Inserting the Edges (Case 3)
Shown in the picture below, this is a case that does not happen as often as the others, and takes a few more moves to solve. The green/red edge is already in place, and it needs to be flipped.
Solving the Third (Last) Layer
Step 1: The Yellow Cross
The "Yellow Cross" is the first thing to make for the 3rd layer, which is the 1st of the 4 pictures below.
You're only looking at the yellow stickers on the yellow face, specifically the edges only. The colors on the 4 corners do not matter, and neither does the 2nd color of the yellow edges.
Case 1: You Got the Yellow Cross! A Skip!
This happens, if you have the yellow cross already, awesome! This is called a "skip" and you can skip on down to "Align the Yellow Cross."
If you have one of the 3 cases below you will have to flip the yellow edges to make the yellow cross before you can continue.
1 short algorithm fixes all 3 of the following cases. Watch the video for your case number to see it in action.
 (U F R) (F' R' U') === (Up, Face, Right) (Face invert, Right invert, Up invert)
Note: "invert" means to do the move counterclockwise. Remember lefty loosey . . . imagine it like opening a soda bottle.
Case 2: The Yellow Dot
This is when none of the 4 yellow edges are visible on the yellow face. Thankfully, this almost never happens.
Solve it like this:
 Do the algorithm once to get the yellow "L".
 Put that "L" in the lower back corner with an R2 (right twice)
 Do the algorithm again to get the yellow "line".
 Then, make sure the "line" is horizontal, and do the algorithm once more to get the "Yellow Cross".
Case 3: The Yellow "L"
This is by far the most common case. It's when 2 of the 4 yellow edges are visible on the yellow face, making it look like an "L".
 Put that "L" in the lower back corner
 Do the algorithm once to get the yellow "line"
 Then, make sure the "line" is horizontal
 Then, do the algorithm once more to get the "Yellow Cross"
Case 4: The Yellow "Line"
This happens once in a while. It's when 2 of the 4 yellow edges are visible on the yellow face, making it look like a line.
 Make sure the "line" is horizontal
 Then, do the algorithm once to get the "Yellow Cross"
Once you have the Yellow Cross, it's time to line it up with the center dots in the 2nd layer.
Step 2: Align the Yellow Cross
In the following picture, the yellow cross is complete, but it is not correctly lined up with the center dots (the blue, red, green, and orange center dots in the 2nd layer).
Note: If all 4 yellow edges are already lined up correctly, you can skip down to "Moving the Corners".
Case 1
1 algorithm will fix this.
 (U R U') (R U R2 U') === (Up, Right, Up invert) (Right, Up, Right twice, Up invert)
I have an easy way of setting up the cube before doing the algorithm to make this work.
First line up 1 of the yellow edges with the same color as the center dot on the top of the cube, like in the picture below. Blue, in this case.
Case 1
Now look at the yellow edge on the front of the cube. In this case it is green, and it needs to be red.
So, move that green sticker to the top of the cube, and do the algorithm one time, and then put the blue sticker back on top of the cube like it was before and see if the sticker on the front has changed to red.
Watch this video below to see it.
Case 2
Case 3
Now all you have to fix are the corners.
Moving the Corners (If Necessary)
 The algorithm: (R' U' R D) (R' U R D')
If all 4 yellow corners are already in place, you can skip down to "Twisting the Corners."
In the following picture, everything is solved except the 4 remaining corners, and 3 of them are not in their correct positions.
(This step moves them to their correct spots, and they may still be twisted afterwards).
Watch the video below the picture to see the algorithm.
Last Step: Twisting the Corners (If Necessary)
 The algorithm: (U L U' L') (U L U' L')
Continuing from the previous video, this step will twist the corners and solve the cube.
 Place one of the twisted corners at the topfront position and do the algorithm one time.
 The corner will either be solved afterwards, or not.
 If not, then do the algorithm one more time and it will be.
 Important: After that, rotate the 3rd layer to put another twisted corner in the topfront position, and do the algorithm again.
 Then it's the same as before. The corner will either be solved afterwards, or not.
 If not, then do the algorithm one more time and it will be.
Watch this last video to see it in action. (It looks like it is really messing up the cube a lot, but have no fear, it will solve itself in the end!).
The Cube Should Now Be Solved!
If not, you may have a situation where the cube has been taken apart at some time or another, and did not get put back together properly.
The way you can tell if this is the case is if:
 There is only 1 cubie that is twisted or flipped...
 There are colors on two or more of the cubies that need to be swapped with each other.
 In the case of that happening, you will have to pop out the cubies and put them where they go or twist or flip them. This is not cheating in any way at all.
Comments
The last step completely messed up my cube especially the white bit, and I redid it and tried that step again and it still failed. I’ve spent days working this out and it’s really annoying. My cube is brand new so I don’t get it. Please help
It was really greater than most other jerks.It is so much clearer than any other rules...Now I can solve a cube in a minute.thank you so much
I don't get it so I know how to solve it can you post a method called the CFOP please cause i'm not good at it.
Tried the videos. Didn’t work! Couldn’t get past the second layer.
Nice
Thanks mark. Lovely algorithm and very well made videos. Thanks was able to get it through.
it is to hard make the vidios withpeople talking to explain!!!
Nice
Thx dude
Hi, years ago I bought a cube and followed the instructions and learned how to solve it. Once you got the first layer, you basically had 5 moves. I have forgotten one of the last moves. I can get two layers and all the corners set on the third layer. At this point my old solution had two moves. I remember one not the other. This solution didn't involve flipping the cube over or anything to do with a yellow cross. You solved the four corners of the third layer first, then there were two moves left. Can you please help me find that last move? I have been searching all over for that technique. But, everything I've found involves a bunch of moves depending on the yellow pattern. This other solution didn't care what the yellow looked like. Please help!


I solved the whole cube .........yaaaaay.
thank you.
wooooww...i solved thanks for all videos and procedures
Makes no sense
?????
Before i watch this video i just cant solve and easy to get mad!
But after i watch all of your vid i already know how to slve it thanks mark by the way i am 10 years old
ITS TO CONFUSING
couldn't get the first layer done
Plz can u guide me that how do I have to hold the cube while performing the algorithm to move the corners of the last layer(the 2nd last step). Plz tel as I want to solve this rubix cube! :)
I got severe headache while trying to understand these steps. Seems like rubik cube is not my cup of tea. Very sad :(
WAY to confusing. Just give me the frigging formula and I will be happy.
thanks mark. even i did not ever ever touch Rubik's cube before,for the first time i tried from your tutorial and i am done.salute to your effort (Y).
Still do not get it urggghhhhh
The third layer doing a yellow cross just won't work
I need some help with it


great tutorial Thks Mr
mark rockes
what is that it is very very difficult my cube is used one so hw will i shuffle it you do it with a fresh cube and even if it is shuffled all cubes will not have the same right sooooooo please try another one
Can anyone please help me solve yellow, green, blue, and orange please.
I still can't do it I've gone on a bunch of websites to solve my RUBIK'S CUBE I've only gotten red and white no other colors.:(
it was pleasing to learn the theory but can u suggest some more easy techniquw
no,its not megaminx. . it's a OCTAGON BARREL CUBE.. please tell me how to solve it. Thank You..
please tell me how to solve an octagon cube
Thanks a lot Mark. First time for myself and my 2 boys to get the job done with your help! Great post!
Great video! My ten year old son was able to follow along and finally solve his Rubik's cube.
Thank you Mark . It was the first time after a year's struggle that I managed to solve a cube . And I really, really appreciate your way of explaining . This is the best site which I found . Thanks again for your help.
These are the best instructions on how to solve the Rubik's cube I've found online. Thanks for the help, Mark; you are very good at teaching.
I was in our garage a few days back and I saw our old cube on a shelf. Now I have read this I might go back to the garage and have a go at solving it lol...
I don't have any pattern on the top layer that u hv showed
When I was done placing my corners, only one of my corners was messed up, but it was in the right place. The video is super helpful, and I can't believe how fast I was able to figure out the first two layers!!
i don't understand the last layer tip could u help me
What if you set up the cross but 2 sides are matched and 2 sides aren't?
I have been using this excellent site for about a week, trying to memorise solving the cube, so that I can do it without looking up the instructions. I agree that This site is the best! Thanks Mark!
very helpful tutorial...very nice illustrations...
I tried again and I managed to solve the cube omg! thanks so much to your video! I was just bored when I was young so I kinda jumble the cube and I couldn't solve it so I left it in the cabinet. and years have passed and I got bored today so I took it out and tried solving it. thanks to your video, the messed up cube has returned to its original form!
hi! thanks to your video, I managed to solve the first layer! i followed exactly with the colour green. however for example, you used orange for the next one , saying that the edges should have any blue. but what if I actually have blue edges instead? how do I solve it? ):
You are a really persuasive writer. I can see this in your writeup. You've a way of writing compelling info that sparks significantly interest. dcgkkgkdbfcg
I have mastered solving Rubiks cube when I was a kid but now I can't remember the trick. Thanks for this, I can learn it again.
This is the coolest, I remember when I was a kid messing with the cube for hours. Back then the one I had used stickers to color the sections, so of course I pulled them off and replaced them to cheat and solve the puzzle.
omg..Now I want to go buy one and try it! I have never been able to do it!..lol. Thanks for this!;)
Its amizing
Its very simple.I solve the cube in two mints
well in my rubiks cube 3x3 , the bottom layer has only 3 edges... the 4th edge though in place is not in order....
pls help
This is excellent, I've never been able to solve one of these and I'd never seen a guide around neither. I will probably try to give it a go, not sure how long it will take me though.
im lost…...
My cube is a different colour scheme.red is where blue shud b and you know the rest.i just cnt solve this thing and its annoying.help anyone?
Mark, Good instructions. Just turned 66 and the cube can be crossed off My bucket list. Thank You
I don't get how you go from having a daisy to having the cross with no moves.... Your explain how to line up the edges after the daisy move and the next move you say "now that you have your white cross"
Just peel the stickers off or pull the cube apart it will take the same time as sloving it if it is done neatly
Thanks Mark Wipfler. Now I finally solve a Rubik's cube and I enjoy doing so! :)
Excellent Hub!
I've just purchased a new Rubiks Cube after my first one met an untimely demise in that it came lost a fight against a hammer.
Regardless, I'll be using this hub to master my new one. Thanks for posting this!
Mark,
Above someone else wrote their name was "CK Towels" after my comment. I'm not sure why. My issue was the two pieces that would not fit. If I remember, I was using a Void at the time, so I think that is where the problem came in. Essentially the center squares (which are missing) on the Void puzzle must have been in the wrong location. It would be impossible to tell this while doing the puzzle. So that makes it a little challenging because the puzzle has to be shifted once we've figured out that it won't solve. I'm not sure if you responded to my comment. All I saw was that you said you misspelled my name because of the person who posted after me "Thi is the bomb you rock".
this is definitely toooo difficult for the dreamer in me. I lost you after the first paragraph.
I like this weblog so considerably, saved to my bookmarks. gkekdfkkekdd
I am now not certain the place you're getting your info, however good topic. I needs to spend some time learning more or figuring out more. Thank you for magnificent info I was on the lookout for this information for my mission. gaaeekfeeeec
Jeesh...i couldn't finish the article even with cube in my hands, i think i'll never solve that puzzle! :(
I don't like
What a cool hub
Thanks for the hub. I'm a bit OCD, and rarely attempt a rubik's cube because I will be inclined to finish it. This hub will help! Thanks!
Very good explanation there, never really looked into it before. Never managed to solve one either.
yow...how can you solve it faster? And i can't understand the move 3
Thanks for a great article and good presentation.Well solving a rubix cube is common.I can solve it in less than a minute.
I got the yellow part done and I have 3 rows of orange, blue, green, and red. So I don't get it..!!
i can't understand anything. i understood only till the first step  white cross. i am very confused. but i must know how to solve a rubik's cube. i can't find any other easier way in this. i must at least know how to solve two colors in the cube. maybe i will know how to solve it when i grow because i am only eight years old now.
thank u for the information
Thank You!
Mark. this site is awesome. It helped me to solve the cube once in my life. The instructions could be a little more clearer. Otherwise, take my hats off to Mark. By far the best explanation and flow.
help me solve the 4 X 4 rubiks cube please. I very badly ant to do it within my vacations.
it was interseting i enjoyed doing it and i finished
I couldn't complete the last layer. Give me an definite algo.
can i get 4x4 algorithn
i can't understand anything
You write: "do the algorithm above for Counterclockwise".
If the algorithm above is for clockwise I don't understand what needs to be changed to go counter clockwise. Why not simply add what the "algorithm above for Counter Clockwise" is?
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